1097 Tax Form

It’s the time for taxpayers to engage in paperwork and file their annual returns diligently. It’s also time for them to learn about the “interest income” form, the 1097 Tax Form. Read to know its significance.
1097 Tax Form
1097 Tax Form
The purpose of the 1097 Tax Form is to accurately report interest income to the IRS and the recipient to ensure compliance with tax regulations. We give you an eagle's eye view of its importance and how it affects you.
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As the 2023-24 tax deadline looms, taxpayers diligently engage in paperwork and the filing process. Tax forms serve as vital documents to communicate your earnings and tax obligations to the government. One is the 1097 tax form, designed for reporting income interest. Understand the purpose of the form before filling it out. Join us as we delve into Form 1097, exploring its completion, deadlines, and consequences in case of delays. Let’s begin.

Understanding 1097 Tax Form

The 1097 tax form, or the “Interest Income” form, is vital for reporting interest income received during a tax year. Financial institutions like banks and credit unions use this form to record and report interest payments to individuals or entities. Its purpose is clear: accurately report interest income to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and recipients to ensure compliance with tax regulations.

Overview of Form 1097

Form 1097 is a comprehensive document financial institutions use to report interest income payments. It contains essential details such as the recipient’s name, address, taxpayer identification number (TIN), and the amount of interest paid. This information helps taxpayers and the IRS accurately assess and report taxable interest income.

How to Obtain Form 1097

Obtaining Form 1097 is straightforward. You can find it on the IRS website or request it by mail. 

  • Access the Instructions: Visit to obtain the current General Instructions for Certain Information Returns and the current Instructions for Form 1097.
  • Order Online: On the IRS website, you can order these instructions and any additional forms required to complete Form 1097.
  • Utilize Online Resources: The IRS website offers a wealth of resources and guidance to help you complete Form 1097.

Filing Requirements of Form 1097

There are two ways to file Form 1097: electronically through the IRS’s e-filing system or by mailing paper forms. If you choose the latter, you must also include a Form 1096. Remember, timely filing is essential to avoid penalties.

Deadline of Form 1097

The deadline for online tax filing is typically March 31 of the tax year. If filing by mail, the deadline is April 1, 2024, so it’s crucial to check the IRS website for the latest information.

Components of Form 1097

Form 1097 contains various sections, including information about payers and recipients, details of interest paid, and checkboxes indicating the filer’s status.

Top Part: It includes the issuer’s name, address, and Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN). Also, it lists the recipient’s name, address, and TIN. At the bottom, there are two checkboxes. One asks if the filer is the original entity receiving the tax credit, while the other asks if the filer received the credit from someone else as a distribution.

Box 1: Displays the total credits allowed.

Box 2a: Contains a code identifying the type of unique identifier used in Box 2b. Codes include A for Account number, C for CUSIP number, and O for any other identifier.

Box 2b: Shows the bond’s account number, CUSIP number, or another unique identifier. This identifier can have up to 40 alphanumeric characters.

Box 3: Indicates the bond type with codes 101 for Clean Renewable Energy Bond and 199 for Other.

Box 5a-5l: Displays the amount of credit allowed for each month of the calendar year.

Distribution: Copy B of Form 1097-BTC will be sent to the recipient by January-end. Copy A must be paper-filed to the IRS by February-end or electronically filed by March-end.

Step-by-Step Guide to Completing Form 1097

Completing Form 1097 involves the following simple steps:

  1. Begin by acquiring the required forms: Obtain the Form 1097 tax document either from the IRS website or by requesting it via mail.
  2. Fill identification details: Initially, populate the designated sections of the form with your name, address, and social security number.
  3. Disclose payment particulars: Subsequently, provide comprehensive information about the payments necessitating a Form 1097, such as interest, dividends, or royalties. This includes specifying the recipient’s name, taxpayer identification number, and payment amounts.
  4. Fill out the payer and recipient sections: Complete the sections dedicated to the payer by entering your details, including your name, address, and taxpayer identification number. Similarly, ensure the accurate provision of recipient information.
  5. Supplement with additional forms: Depending on the nature of your payments and their corresponding recipients, you may need to include supplementary forms or schedules to substantiate the details furnished on Form 1097.
  6. Conduct a thorough review and proceed with submission: Upon finishing the form, meticulously review it for any errors or omissions. Ensure the accuracy of all information before signing and dating the document. Retain a copy for your records and forward the original to the relevant tax authorities. Understanding the information reported on Form 1097 is essential for taxpayers and financial institutions. Accurate reporting ensures compliance with IRS regulations.

Compliance and Penalties

Failure to comply with filing requirements can result in penalties. For Form 1097, late filing penalties can amount to $50 per form, with a maximum penalty of $536,000 annually. Avoiding penalties is as simple as filing on time and accurately.


In conclusion, while the 1097 tax form might appear complicated, comprehending it makes it navigable. Adhering to filing stipulations, meeting deadlines, and precisely documenting information empowers taxpayers and financial institutions to meet their responsibilities and avoid unwarranted penalties. Remaining informed and proactive is the cornerstone of achieving effective tax compliance.

Use Beem to file your federal and state taxes to get the maximum refund at the best price.


What do I do with Form 1097 on my tax return?

For accurate income reporting, report interest income from Form 1097 on your tax return.

Who generates Form 1097?

Issuers or their agents generate Form 1097 for certain tax credit bonds and recipients distributing the credit.

What is the cost basis of Form 1097?

Form 1097’s cost basis: $2.90/form, $2.19/form, $1.25/form.

What’s the difference between Form 1099-B and Form 1097?

Form 1099-B reports sales of securities, while Form 1097 reports interest income paid by financial institutions to recipients.

When did Form 1097 start?

Form 1097-BTC was started in 2012 to report tax credit bond filings.

How do you read a Form 1097?

Review recipient and payer info, interest amounts, and expenses on Form 1097 for accurate reporting.

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Prem Kishan

A seasoned Product Manager who thrives on making a meaningful impact within the organization, Prem is deeply passionate about tackling intricate problems using cutting-edge technology and is a specialist in tax content.


This page is purely informational. Beem does not provide financial, legal or accounting advice. This article has been prepared for informational purposes only. It is not intended to provide financial, legal or accounting advice and should not be relied on for the same. Please consult your own financial, legal and accounting advisors before engaging in any transactions.

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