Alabama State Income Tax: Rates and Who Pays in 2023-2024

Alabama’s tax code is a multifaceted system with various components, and understanding its details is crucial for residents and businesses. Let’s learn more about Alabama State Income Tax.
Alabama State Income Tax
Alabama State Income Tax: Rates and Who Pays in 2023-2024
The Alabama state income tax system uses marginal tax rates, ranging from 2% to 5%, based on your filing status and income level. The top rate cannot exceed 5%.
In this article

Being fully informed about the details, rules, and regulations related to tax in your state is paramount for several compelling reasons. First and foremost, it ensures compliance with the law, helping you avoid costly penalties, fines, and legal troubles.

In a broader context, tax compliance contributes to the overall stability and functionality of the state’s economy, funding essential public services and infrastructure.

Therefore, staying well-versed in tax matters is a personal financial imperative and a civic responsibility. Let’s take a deep dive into everything that makes up Alabama State Income Tax. Use Beem to get a quick and accurate estimate of your federal and state taxes and get the maximum refund.

Alabama State Income Tax

Does Alabama have a state income tax?

Yes, Alabama does have a state income tax. Alabama’s individual income tax is structured as a graduated tax system, with rates varying from 2 to 5 percent based on income levels. Additionally, some jurisdictions within Alabama may also collect local income taxes.

It’s important to note that the state also imposes a 6.5 percent corporate income tax rate. These income tax sources and sales taxes contribute to Alabama’s overall tax revenue, making it an essential component of the state’s fiscal system.

Alabama’s tax code is a multifaceted system with various components, and understanding its details is crucial for residents and businesses.

Alabama State Income Tax – How much will the income after tax in Alabama with Filing Status

Annual IncomeFiling Status –
Filing Status –
Married Filing Jointly
Filing Status –
Head of Household

Alabama state income tax rates and tax brackets

Alabama’s state income tax rates are structured with a marginal tax system, primarily dependent on adjusted gross income (AGI) and filing status. For single individuals, heads of families, and those married but filing separately, the rates are as follows:

  • 2% on the first $500 of taxable income.
  • 4% on the next $2,500 of taxable income.
  • 5% on all taxable income exceeding $3,000.

 The rates are as listed below for married couples filing jointly:

  • 2% on the first $1,000 of taxable income.
  • 4% on the next $5,000 of taxable income.
  • 5% on all taxable income over $6,000.

These rates are subject to a constitutional limit, ensuring that the top rate does not exceed 5%. The tax brackets and rates are essential considerations for Alabama residents when calculating their state income tax liability.

What is Alabama’s standard deduction?

A standard deduction is a fixed amount of money taxpayers subtract from their adjusted gross income (AGI) to reduce their taxable income. In Alabama, the standard deduction varies based on filing status and income levels. For the 2023 tax year, here are the standard deductions:

  • Single: $2,000 to $2,500, depending on income.
  • Married filing separately: $2,000 to $3,750, depending on income.
  • Head of family: $2,000 to $4,700, depending on income.
  • Married filing jointly: $4,000 to $7,500, depending on income.

The deduction amount decreases as income increases. Alabama residents must consider these standard deductions when calculating their state income tax liability, which can significantly affect the final tax owed.

How to calculate Alabama state income tax?

Calculating Alabama state income tax involves a few steps:

  1. Determine your adjusted gross income (AGI): This is your total income from all sources, including wages, business income, and investments, minus any allowable deductions.
  2. Identify your filing status: Choose from options like single, married filing jointly, married filing separately, or head of household. Your filing status affects your tax rate and standard deduction.
  3. Calculate your taxable income: Subtract the Alabama standard deduction for your filing status from your AGI. The standard deduction varies based on your income and filing status.
  4. Determine your tax liability: Apply the marginal tax rates (2%, 4%, and 5%) to your taxable income based on your filing status. Calculate the tax due for each bracket and sum them up.
  5. Subtract any tax credits: If eligible, subtract any applicable tax credits from your tax liability to determine your final Alabama state income tax.

These steps will help you accurately estimate and calculate your Alabama state income tax liability. Also, check out Beem Tax Calculator to get a quick and accurate estimate of your federal and state tax refund for free.

Do I have to pay Alabama state income tax?

Whether you have to pay Alabama state income tax depends on various factors, including your income, filing status, and the source of your income. If you are an Alabama resident and your income meets or exceeds the state’s income tax threshold, you are generally required to pay state income tax. However, some exceptions and deductions may apply, and some kinds of income, such as Social Security benefits and retirement income, may not be subject to state income tax. It’s essential to review Alabama’s tax laws, use tax software or speak to a tax professional to determine your specific tax liability.

How to pay Alabama state income tax?

To pay Alabama state income tax, follow these steps:

  1. Calculate Your Tax Liability: Determine your tax liability based on income, deductions, and credits.
  2. Access My Alabama Taxes: Visit the My Alabama Taxes website (
  3. Choose Payment Method: You can make payments through two primary methods:
  4. Debit Payment: Use your debit card through the My Alabama Taxes portal.
  5. Credit Card (ACH Credit Method): If the Alabama Department of Revenue approves, you can use the ACH Credit Method. Register by submitting the Authorization Agreement for ACH Credit Payment Method form.
  6. Make the Payment: Follow the instructions on the chosen payment method to complete your Alabama state income tax payment.

Ensure you meet the filing deadline to avoid penalties and interest charges. 

You can file personal tax returns on Beem. It’s an easy and hassle process.

Am I a resident for Alabama income tax purposes?

Determining your residency status for Alabama income tax purposes involves the following rules:

Resident status rules

  • A resident is someone domiciled in Alabama, with only one permanent domicile.
  • Individuals not domiciled in Alabama but having a permanent home or spending over seven months of the taxable year in Alabama are considered residents.
  • If you move into Alabama, you become a resident and must file a resident return when you resided there.

Part-year resident status rules

  • Part-year residents are individuals who moved into Alabama during the year.
  • Income attributable to Alabama is taxable in the state return.
  • Consider claiming a tax credit if another state taxes the same income.

Nonresident status rules

  • Nonresidents do not maintain a permanent home in Alabama.
  • They are not subject to Alabama income tax on income earned outside the state.
  • Your residency status determines your tax obligations and reporting requirements in Alabama.

Where is my Alabama state income tax refund?

Determining the status of your Alabama state income tax refund involves the following steps:

  • Wait for Processing: After filing your tax return, allow at least six weeks for the Alabama Department of Revenue to process your refund.
  • Check Online: Visit the official Alabama Department of Revenue website to check what’s the latest on your refund. Look for updates on your refund’s progress.
  • Call for Information: Call the daytime refund status line for assistance. The automated system will provide information on the status of your refund. Once issued, it will include a specific issue date.
Alabama State Income Tax

If your refund is delayed beyond 8-10 weeks, it may be under review, and you will likely receive a letter requesting additional information or verification. Ensuring that your return details are accurate can expedite the process.

Why did my Alabama state income tax increase?

An increase in Alabama state income tax can occur due to several reasons:

  • Change in Income: If your income has increased, especially if you’ve moved into a higher tax bracket, your state income tax liability will also rise.
  • Tax Law Changes: Changes in state tax laws, including rate adjustments or the elimination of tax credits, can lead to higher tax bills.
  • Reduced Deductions: Changes in your deductions, such as decreased available tax deductions or exemptions, can increase your taxable income.
  • Filing Status: Changing your filing status, such as transitioning from single to married or head of household, can affect your tax liability.
  • Errors or Omissions: Mistakes on your tax return, such as missed deductions or inaccurate reporting, can result in a higher tax bill.

It’s essential to review your specific circumstances, consult a tax professional, and consider any recent tax law changes to understand why your Alabama state income tax increased.

Alabama sales tax

A sales tax is described as a consumption tax imposed on the sale of goods and certain services. It’s typically collected by the seller at the point of sale and then remitted to the state and local governments.

These revenues fund various public services and infrastructure projects, making sales tax a significant source of revenue for Alabama and its local communities. Alabama imposes a state sales tax of 4.00 percent on most retail purchases.

Additionally, local jurisdictions within the state can levy additional sales taxes, leading to a maximum local rate of 7.50 percent. The combined state and local sales tax rate averages 9.25 percent.

We can also briefly explain Iowa State Income Tax here

Five things to know about Alabama income tax

Whether navigating the complexities of the modern tax system, seeking to broaden your understanding of a crucial issue, or exploring opportunities for personal and professional growth, here is the knowledge and guidance you need:

  • Alabama’s income tax system uses marginal tax rates, ranging from 2% to 5%, based on your filing status and income level. The top rate cannot exceed 5%.
  • The state offers standard deductions for different filing statuses, varying based on income. Ensure you’re aware of the applicable deduction for your situation.
  • Determining your residency status is crucial, as it affects your tax liability. Alabama taxes residents on their worldwide income and nonresidents only on income earned in the state.
  • Alabama is one of the few states without a tax break on groceries, which can affect the overall tax burden, particularly for lower-income individuals.
  • Alabama income tax returns are typically due by April 15. File and check the status of your refund through the My Alabama Taxes website or by calling the refund status line.


Q. Is Alabama a high-tax state?

A. No, Alabama is generally considered a low-tax state. It imposes relatively low income tax rates and a moderate state sales tax. However, the tax burden can vary depending on individual circumstances and factors.

Q. Is Alabama a tax-friendly state?

A. Alabama is often viewed as tax-friendly due to its relatively low-income tax rates, especially for lower-income individuals. However, the absence of a tax break on groceries can affect the overall tax burden, particularly for those with lower incomes.

Q. Is Alabama a good place to live for taxes?

A. Alabama can be an attractive place to live for those seeking lower tax rates, especially regarding income tax. However, individuals should consider the overall cost of living, including property taxes and other factors.

Q. How much of my paycheck goes to taxes in Alabama?

A. The portion of your paycheck that goes to taxes in Alabama depends on your income, deductions, and other factors. Alabama uses a marginal tax system with rates ranging from 2% to 5%. 

Q. Does Alabama tax income earned in another state?

A. Alabama generally taxes income earned both within the state and outside its borders. If you are an Alabama resident, your worldwide income is subject to state income tax.

Q. Does the state of Alabama tax social security income?

A. Alabama does not tax Social Security income. Social Security benefits are fully exempt from state income tax.

Q. Can Alabama state income tax go up?

A. Changes in Alabama state income tax rates and laws can increase or decrease your tax liability. Tax rates and rules may change through legislative actions, so staying updated on any potential modifications to the tax code is essential.

Q. Do seniors have to pay state income tax in Alabama?

A. Alabama exempts Social Security income from state income tax, benefiting many seniors. However, other types of retirement income, such as pensions and distributions from retirement accounts, are generally subject to state income tax.

Q. Does Alabama have a state income tax for the military?

A. Active duty military pay, including basic pay and allowances, is exempt from Alabama state income tax. Additionally, military retirees may be eligible for certain tax exclusions or deductions.

Q. What are Alabama’s state income taxes for LLCs?

A. Alabama does not impose an entity-level income tax on limited liability companies (LLCs). Instead, the income generated by an LLC is typically passed through to the owners’ tax returns, where it is subject to Alabama’s individual income tax rates. 

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Prem Kishan

A seasoned Product Manager who thrives on making a meaningful impact within the organization, Prem is deeply passionate about tackling intricate problems using cutting-edge technology and is a specialist in tax content.


This page is purely informational. Beem does not provide financial, legal or accounting advice. This article has been prepared for informational purposes only. It is not intended to provide financial, legal or accounting advice and should not be relied on for the same. Please consult your own financial, legal and accounting advisors before engaging in any transactions.

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