Check Fraud

There are various ways to commit check fraud, including using stolen, counterfeit, or altered checks. People whose accounts are compromised aren’t the only people who fall prey to check fraud schemes. Let’s understand the details.
Check fraud
Check Fraud
Despite the Federal Trade Commission's guidance on preventing check fraud, these scams persist in their popularity due to their deceptive nature and ease of discovery. Here are the key details on check fraud. Read on to know more!
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How has check fraud become rampant? Thanks to opportunity, it’s a low-tech and relatively easy crime to pull off. People are swiping checks from residential mailboxes or the iconic blue drop-off boxes. Then, they remove the ink and sell the newly blank check or write in whatever they want. 

Many fraudsters also pick off checks for government assistance, Social Security, or unemployment benefits. There is significantly less awareness about check fraud among people. Let’s understand what check fraud is and how to prevent it.

What is Check Fraud?

The act of utilizing a check without authority or forging a valid check to steal money from a person or company is known as check fraud. There are various ways to commit check fraud, including using stolen, counterfeit, or altered checks.

People whose accounts are compromised aren’t the only people who fall prey to check fraud schemes. Sometimes, thieves use force to take checks from bank tellers or attack postal workers who are carrying checks. Despite the Federal Trade Commission’s guidance on preventing check fraud, these scams persist in their popularity due to their deceptive nature and ease of discovery.

How Does Check Fraud Work?

Counterfeiting is one of the most popular ways of checking fraud. Counterfeiters frequently use premium paper and high-quality printers to make their bogus checks appear as authentic as possible. They will then purchase or take cash from a bank using these fictitious cheques.

Check washing is yet another common technique. This happens when thieves take checks out of trash cans or mailboxes—a practice known as “dump diving”—and use chemicals to remove the check’s ink. Then, using the modified check to steal money, they will write a new amount and payee.

Using pilfered checks is another way that check fraud can happen. Thieves will take blank checks from a person or company to withdraw cash or make unlawful purchases. Theft, account holder manipulation, or fraud against the bank or credit union are the root causes of the fraud in each instance.

What Are the Types of Check Fraud?

In the ever-evolving landscape of financial trickery, check fraud is a cunning protagonist, revealing its intricate facets through various nefarious schemes. Let’s embark on a journey through the labyrinth of check fraud, exploring five artful maneuvers that leave victims in their wake.

Check Theft

Imagine a stealthy intruder slipping through the shadows, targeting an unsuspecting mailbox or a blue drop-off box. This silent pilferer, armed with a knack for theft, seizes checks for innocent recipients. Once in possession, the thief unleashes a wave of deceit by altering the checks, erasing ink, and inscribing a new narrative. The stolen checks become instruments of financial fraud, leaving victims in monetary disarray.

Claiming Prizes

Enter the realm of illusions, where the promise of unexpected riches tantalizes unsuspecting individuals. Fraudsters dangle the bait of claimed prizes, enticing victims into a web of deception. In this artful scheme, victims receive fraudulent checks under the guise of prize winnings. The illusion is shattered only when the unsuspecting recipients attempt to cash these checks, realizing they’ve fallen prey to a carefully crafted ruse.

Car Wrap Decals

Picture this: An offer that seems too good to be true—getting paid for driving around with a branded car wrap. The allure of easy money draws in unwitting participants who believe they’ve stumbled upon a golden opportunity. Little do they know, they’ve fallen into the clutches of a car wrap decal scam. Fraudsters issue checks to participants, purportedly for the car wrap service, only to have the checks bounce after the recipients have committed to the scheme. The promise of easy cash transforms into a lesson in financial vulnerability.

Check Kiting

In the intricate dance of financial deception, check-kiting takes center stage. This artful maneuver involves writing bad checks across multiple accounts, creating a web of illusionary funds. The orchestrator may write a bad check from one account, temporarily covering it by writing another lousy check from a different account, and the dance continues. The goal? To accumulate real money before the web unravels. Check-kiting is a high-stakes performance where the artist struggles between financial illusion and inevitable exposure.

Fake Paycheck Scams

In fake paycheck scams, job seekers become unwitting actors in a deceptive drama. Fraudsters pose as employers, offering lucrative opportunities that seem too good to pass up. Once the victim accepts the “job,” they receive a counterfeit paycheck, often for an inflated amount. The scam unfolds when the victim is instructed to cash the check and return some funds to the supposed employer. By the time the fake paycheck bounces, the fraudster has vanished, leaving the victim jobless and financially compromised.


Paperhanging, a deceptive art form, involves deliberately writing checks with insufficient funds, capitalizing on the delay between issuance and clearance. The check writer sails on the “float,” receiving goods or services before the bounced check reveals the illusion. This deliberate exploitation of trust leaves businesses and individuals grappling with financial losses.

In this intricate dance of financial deceit, check fraud is a multifaceted tapestry woven with threads of deception. As we navigate this labyrinth, it becomes clear that awareness and vigilance are our strongest allies in safeguarding against the artful schemes that seek to exploit the vulnerabilities within our financial systems.

How to Protect Yourself from Check Fraud?

In the digital age, where financial transactions often dance through cyberspace, the art of check fraud may seem like a relic from the past. However, as the saying goes, “old habits die hard,” and check fraud remains a crafty con that preys on the unsuspecting. To safeguard your hard-earned dollars, consider this comprehensive guide – your shield against the subtle strokes of check fraud.

Regularly Monitor Your Bank Account

Picture your bank account as a fortress and vigilant monitoring as the impenetrable armor. Regularly scrutinizing your bank statements and account activity is the first defense against potential infiltrators. Any suspicious transactions lurking in the shadows can be swiftly identified and thwarted, ensuring your financial fortress stands tall and impervious.

Opt for Secure Digital Payments

The path to financial security often winds through the digital realm in a world teeming with technological wonders. Embrace the power of secure digital payments, where encryption and authentication become your virtual guardians. From mobile wallets to online banking, these digital knights stand ready to repel any attempts at financial fraud.

Minimize the Use of Paper Checks

Each check you write is a strategic move in the grand chessboard of financial security. Minimize your vulnerability by deploying this tactic sparingly. While checks possess a charm, wielding them cautiously ensures they stay in the right hands. Keep your moves deliberate, and you’ll outmaneuver potential adversaries.

Chart Your Financial Course

Consider your checks as breadcrumbs marking your financial journey. Keep a meticulous record of the checks you issue, creating a trail that leads back to you alone. By charting your financial course, you gain insight into your spending patterns and establish a robust defense against any attempts to forge or manipulate your checks.

Scrutinize Security Features Like a Detective

Every check is a unique tapestry woven with security features designed to fend off counterfeiters. Become a detective of financial security, familiarizing yourself with the intricate details. From watermarks to holograms, each element is a brushstroke in the masterpiece that guards your financial integrity. Scrutinize with precision, and you’ll unmask any potential deception.

Why Do These Scams Work?

Check scams, encompassing a variety of fraudulent activities involving checks, continue to be successful for several reasons. Understanding these factors is crucial for individuals to effectively protect themselves against these scams. Here are some key reasons why check scams work:

Exploitation of Trust

Check scams often succeed because they exploit the inherent trust associated with checks. People tend to perceive checks as secure and legitimate forms of payment, and fraudsters take advantage of this trust.

Lack of Awareness

Individuals need to be fully aware of the various types of check scams or the techniques employed by fraudsters. Ignorance about the risks associated with checks makes people more susceptible to falling victim to these scams.

Deceptive Schemes

Fraudsters employ creative and convincing schemes to deceive individuals. Whether it’s claiming fake prizes, offering lucrative job opportunities, or promising easy money through car wrap decals, these scams play on people’s desires for financial gain or rewards.

Technological Gaps

While digital payment methods have become more secure, the persistence of paper checks creates a technological gap that fraudsters exploit. The reliance on manual processes and the time delay in check processing allow scams to go undetected.

Social Engineering Tactics

Fraudsters often use social engineering tactics to manipulate individuals into trusting them. This can involve building rapport, creating a sense of urgency, or using psychological tricks to make victims less likely to question the legitimacy of a check or a related scheme.

Low Risk of Apprehension

The anonymity afforded by specific check scams, such as online schemes or email-based fraud, reduces the perceived risk for fraudsters. This makes them more willing to engage in these activities, knowing that the chances of being caught may be relatively low.

Constant Evolution of Tactics

Fraudsters continuously adapt their tactics to stay ahead of detection methods. As technology and security measures improve, so do the strategies criminals employ, making it challenging for individuals and authorities to keep up.

Global Nature of Scams

Geographic boundaries do not limit check scams. Perpetrators can operate globally, taking advantage of differences in legal systems and law enforcement capabilities. This global nature makes tracking and prosecuting individuals involved in these scams difficult.

Monetary Motivation

The potential for financial gain motivates fraudsters to invest time and effort into developing sophisticated scams. The allure of easy money entices both experienced criminals and individuals who may be desperate for financial relief, making them susceptible to participation in fraudulent activities.

Lack of Stringent Checks and Balances

In some cases, there may be insufficient checks and balances within the financial system to detect fraudulent activities promptly. The time it takes for checks to clear provides a window of opportunity for criminals to exploit.

What to Do If You’re the Victim of Check Fraud

Discovering that you have fallen victim to check fraud can be distressing, but taking prompt and decisive action is crucial to mitigate the damage. Here are steps to follow if you find yourself a victim of check fraud:

Contact Your Bank Immediately

Contact your bank immediately when you suspect or confirm check fraud. Inform them of the situation and provide details of the fraudulent activity. This prompt action allows the bank to secure your account immediately.

Freeze Your Account

Request that your bank freezes or locks your account to prevent further unauthorized transactions. This step is vital in limiting the potential financial losses resulting from the fraudulent activity.

Document the Fraudulent Activity

Keep detailed records of the fraudulent transactions. Document the date, time, and nature of each incident. Gather any evidence you may have, such as emails, letters, or other communications related to the fraud, if possible.

File a Police Report

Report the incident to your local law enforcement agency. Please provide them with a clear and concise account of the check fraud, including any evidence you have collected. Obtain a copy of the police report, which may be required for further action.

Cooperate with Law Enforcement

Be cooperative with law enforcement authorities throughout their investigation. Provide any additional information they may request and follow their guidance. Your cooperation is crucial in helping them build a case against the fraudster.

Monitor your Credit Report

Regularly monitor your credit report for any signs of identity theft or unauthorized accounts opened in your name. Reporting the fraud to credit bureaus can help prevent further misuse of your personal information.

Work with your Bank’s Fraud Department

Many banks have dedicated fraud departments to handle such situations. Work closely with your bank’s fraud team, providing them with any requested documentation and assisting in their investigation.

Consider Identity Theft Protection Services

In cases of check fraud, your personal information may be compromised. Consider enrolling in identity theft protection services, which can provide additional layers of security and alert you to potential threats.

Update Your Passwords and Security Measures

Review and update your online banking passwords and security measures. This can help prevent unauthorized access to your accounts and protect sensitive information.

Educate Yourself

Take the opportunity to educate yourself about common scams and fraud prevention measures. Being informed can help you recognize and avoid falling victim to similar schemes in the future.

Be Wary of Follow-Up Scams

After reporting the check fraud, be cautious of potential follow-up scams. Fraudsters may attempt to exploit the situation further by posing as law enforcement or representatives from your bank. Verify the legitimacy of any contacts before providing information.

How to Report this Fraud

Contact Your Bank: Notify your bank of the fraudulent activity and provide them with all relevant details.

File a Report with Law Enforcement: Report the incident to your local police department and provide them with any evidence you may have.

File a Complaint with the Federal Trade Commission (FTC): Visit the FTC’s website to file a complaint and access resources on identity theft and fraud.


In the face of evolving financial fraud, understanding the nuances of check fraud is crucial for safeguarding your financial well-being. By staying informed, adopting secure practices, and promptly addressing any suspicious activities, individuals can minimize the risks associated with check fraud and contribute to a more secure financial landscape. Plan and protect your money better using Beem’s Better Financial Feed ™ with expert financial insights.


What happens if someone fraudulently cashed a check?

If someone fraudulently cashes a check, you should immediately report the incident to your bank. Depending on your bank’s policies, they will initiate an investigation, and you may be eligible for reimbursement.

How do I get my money back from check fraud?

To recover funds lost due to check fraud, work closely with your bank, provide all necessary documentation, and file a police report. Many banks have fraud protection policies in place to reimburse victims.

How common is check fraud?

Check fraud remains a prevalent issue, with thousands of cases reported annually. The increasing sophistication of fraud techniques and the continued use of paper checks contribute to its persistence.

Can a cashed check be traced back to you?

While a cashed check can be traced to the account it was drawn from, tracing it back to the specific individual may require cooperation from the bank, law enforcement, and legal processes.

Can a bank reverse a fraud check?

Banks have mechanisms in place to investigate and potentially reverse fraudulent transactions. However, the success of the reversal depends on various factors, including the timeliness of reporting and the specific circumstances of the fraud.

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Picture of Johnathan James

Johnathan James

With over 11 years of experience, Johnathan started his writing career as a copywriter. Coming from a finance and management background, he excels in covering financial topics. When he's not spurning out fintech content, you will find him playing football, basketball and racing.


This page is purely informational. Beem does not provide financial, legal or accounting advice. This article has been prepared for informational purposes only. It is not intended to provide financial, legal or accounting advice and should not be relied on for the same. Please consult your own financial, legal and accounting advisors before engaging in any transactions.

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