Do Condo Associations File Tax Returns

Study the complexities of condo association tax filing, including Form 1120-H and Form 1120 alternatives. Understand your income, expenses, gross income, deductions, and tax liabilities to ensure compliance and long-term success.
Do condo associations file tax returns
Do Condo Associations File Tax Returns
Condo associations must handle tax issues and manage common areas. Explore Forms 1120-H and 1120, learning about legal requirements, paperwork, and the subtleties of income, expenses, and deductions.
In this article

Managing a condominium association involves more than maintaining common areas and enforcing rules. It also includes navigating the intricate realm of tax obligations.

Do condo associations file tax returns? Condominium associations, overseeing community regulations, must file federal tax returns. State tax conformity varies, but filing is mandatory, with exemptions likely due to most association activities being considered exempt income.

This comprehensive blog will delve into the various facets of tax filing for condo associations, shedding light on options, requirements, advantages, and pitfalls.

Do Condo Associations File Tax Returns

Yes, condo associations are generally required to file federal tax returns, even though they are not-for-profit organizations.

This might seem counter intuitive, but there’s a crucial distinction: condo associations are classified as Common Interest Realty Associations (CIRAs) by the IRS, and CIRAs have different tax filing requirements than traditional non-profits.

Condo Association Tax Filing Options

Before initiating the tax return filing process, a condo association must evaluate its options: (1) Form 1120-H and (2) Form 1120. This post delves into the taxation framework for condo associations, spotlighting the distinct sections of Form 1120-H, a form tailored for homeowners’ associations (HOAs) and condo associations. While Form 1120-H is crafted explicitly for these entities, specific scenarios may warrant using Form 1120.

A detailed exploration of the differences between the two tax forms are available here, offering insights into when each might be the more strategic choice for an association’s tax filing.

Condo Association Filing Requirements

Navigating the taxation landscape for condo associations can be perplexing. Contrary to the misconception that they are tax-exempt, condo associations, classified as common interest realty associations, must file federal tax returns.

This overview dissects the legal requirements and essential documentation to streamline the filing process.

Legal Requirements

Condo associations, classified under Section 528 of the IRS law, must meet specific criteria to online tax filing Form 1120-H. Requirements include ensuring that 60% of income stems from exempt activities and that 90% of expenses pertain to exempt property management.

Membership dues and assessments are typically exempt income, while meticulous tracking of exempt and non-exempt income aids tax classification. A qualified CPA is instrumental in navigating these intricacies. Failure to meet criteria mandates filing Form 1120.

Documentation Needed for Filing

  1. Membership dues and assessments records.
  2. Detailed financial records for property management services.
  3. Documents substantiating exempt function income.
  4. Records detailing non-exempt income, such as interest and laundry income.
  5. Precise tracking of exempt property acquisition, construction, maintenance, and management expenses.
  6. CPA guidance for adherence to Section 528 criteria.

Form 1120-H: Advantages and Disadvantages

Choosing between Form 1120-H and Form 1120 for condo association tax filing presents pros and cons. While 1120-H offers simplicity and a standard deduction, it comes with a flat 30% tax on non-exempt income.

Here is specific information about the Advantages and Disadvantages of Choosing between Form 1120-H for condo association tax filing.

Advantages of Using Form 1120-H

  • Simple one-page form.
  • No balance sheet preparation or filing is required.
  • No need for estimated tax payments.
  • A standard deduction of $100 is allowed.

Disadvantages of Using Form 1120-H

  • Flat 30% tax on net non-exempt income.
  • Specific rules governing expenditure allocations.
  • No net operating loss carryover.
  • Absence of special deductions or exemptions typical for regular corporations.

Key Components of the Condo Association Tax Return

Now, delving into the intricacies, let’s explore the critical components of the condo association tax return, focusing on Form 1120-H. Understanding these sections is essential for accurate and efficient filing.

Detailed Breakdown of Top Section

At the summit of Form 1120-H, essential association details demand attention. From the tax identification number (EIN) to the association’s name and address, this initial section lays the foundation for comprehensive and precise tax reporting.

In cases of first-year filing, the HOA CPA may facilitate EIN acquisition. This meticulous data entry further down the form sets the stage for thoroughly exploring gross income, deductions, and overall tax liability.

Navigating Income and Expenditures

  • Entering the financial section, four lines await input: exempt function income, HOA expenditures, other expenditures, and tax-exempt interest.
  • Exempt Functional Income: Annually or monthly dues & fees for membership, exclusively from association members, excluding non-exempt activities.
  • Association Expenditures: Expenditures for association maintenance and management. At least 90% must directly serve the association’s interests.
  • Other Expenditures: Expenses unrelated to exempt function income form a separate financial breakdown category.
  • Tax Exempt Income: Income not subject to federal taxation, such as interest from bonds, contributing to the overall financial landscape of the association.

Understanding Gross Income

The preceding section concerns gross income derived from non-exempt activities. This encompasses dividends, taxable interest, gross rents, gross royalties, capital gain net income, net gain or (loss) from form 4797, and other sources of income.

Deductions: Maximizing Tax Benefits

The subsequent section pertains to deductions associated with non-exempt income. If there’s gross income in the prior section, this is where deductions are recorded.

Expenses include salaries, repairs, rents, taxes, interest, depreciation, and other deductions tied to generating gross income, excluding exempt function income.

Tax Liability and Payment Overview

Concluding this section involves:

  • Entering overall totals.
  • Encompassing income and the anticipated payment.
  • Factoring in the 30% tax rate stipulated by Form 1120-H.

This flat rate applies uniformly to ordinary income and capital gains, with no provision for carrying forward a net operating loss as allowed by Form 1120.

The Significance of Signatures

Signing any IRS form is imperative. The signature, to be done by the HOA President or authorized officer (controller, treasurer, or chief accounting officer), signifies completion. 

The CPA must fill in the ‘Paid Preparer’ section if professionally prepared.

Condo Association Tax Return Filing Form description:

Key Components of Tax ReturnOverview of essential elements, including income, expenditures, and signatures.
Detailed Breakdown of Top SectionThe Initial section requires basic association information such as name, address, and EIN.
Navigating Income and ExpendituresExploring gross income and deductions is crucial for accurate financial reporting.
Understanding Gross IncomeExamination of non-exempt activities contributing to gross income.
Deductions: Maximizing Tax BenefitsIdentifying and utilizing deductions like salaries, repairs, and interest for tax benefits.
Tax Liability and Payment OverviewCalculating tax liability, considering the 30% rate for non-exempt income under Form 1120-H.
The Significance of SignaturesEmphasizing the importance of accurate and authorized signatures for validation.

Filing the Condo Association Return

Election Revocation: The association’s election for a tax year can only be revoked with IRS consent. The association can file a ruling request with a user fee to seek consent.

Complexity Despite Simplicity: Despite its one-page format, completing the condo association tax return can take time and effort. Many find it beneficial to enlist a qualified accountant to navigate the intricacies efficiently.

Caution in DIY Approach: While completing a condo association tax return may seem straightforward, various factors demand consideration. A DIY approach is not recommended due to potential complexities. Ensure familiarity with the tax code or hire a CPA for expert assistance. Download Beem App to file taxes with 100% accuracy.


Knowledge is power in the intricate world of condo association tax filing. With insights into options, requirements, and the nitty-gritty details, condo associations can confidently navigate tax season, ensuring financial health and legal compliance.

Mastering the art of tax filing is not just a legal necessity; it’s a strategic move for the long-term prosperity of any condo association. Also, check out Beem Tax Calculator to get a quick and accurate estimate of your federal and state tax refund.


Do Florida condo associations file tax returns?

Yes, Florida condo associations are required to file tax returns. While Florida does not have a state income tax, federal filing obligations apply to these associations.

Do condo associations pay taxes in Massachusetts?

Yes, condo associations in Massachusetts are subject to federal tax filing requirements. Massachusetts follows federal guidelines, and while the state doesn’t impose income tax on associations, federal obligations still apply.

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