Montana State Income Tax: Rates and Who Pays in 2023-2024

Did you know that Montana is among the four states that do not charge sales tax locally and at state levels? Most residents use the state’s standard deductions and credits to minimize their taxes. Read on to know more about Montana State Income Tax.
Montana State Income Tax
Montana State Income Tax: Rates and Who Pays in 2023-2024
Let's learn more about Montana State Income Tax, standard deductions, and credits in detail. You will also understand how much tax you must pay and how to reduce it significantly to ensure that you are ahead of your financial management.
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Did you know Montana is among the four states that do not charge sales tax locally and at state levels? Montana State income tax rates are between 1% and 6.75%. Most residents use the state’s standard deductions and credits to minimize their taxes. Factors like your age, disability, marital status, dependents, and property all affect the amount of taxes you pay.

In this article, let’s learn more about Montana State Income Tax, standard deductions, and credits in detail. You will also understand how much tax you must pay and how to reduce it significantly. Use Beem to file your federal and state taxes online irrespective of your filing status across all states in the USA.

Does Montana have State Income Tax?

Income taxes in Montana range between 1% and 6.75%. Even though the state does not charge a state or local sales tax, Montana resorts can charge a 4% sales tax.

The state provides many tax deductions and credits to lower your tax liability. These tax benefits include a standard deduction, an itemized deduction, an earned income tax credit, an elderly homeowner and renter credit, and many others.

Montana State Income Tax – How much will the income after tax in Montana with Filing Status

Annual IncomeFiling Status –
Filing Status –
Married Filing Jointly
Filing Status –
Head of Household

Montana State Income Tax Rates and Tax Brackets

Here are Montana State Income Tax Rates and Tax brackets: 

Tax BracketsTax Percentage
$0- $3,3001% of your taxable income
$3,300- $5,8002% of your taxable income minus $33
$5,800-$8,9003% of your taxable income minus $91
$8,900- $12,0004% of your taxable income minus $180
$12,000-$15,4005% of your taxable income minus $300
$15,400-$19,8006% of your taxable income minus $454
$19,800 +6.75% of your taxable income minus $603

What is Montana’s standard deduction?

The standard deduction is 20% of your taxable income in Montana. Lower and upper limits of standard deductions are specified in the table below.

Filing StatusMinimum Standard DeductionMaximum Standard Deduction
Single or married filing separately$2,260$5,090
Married filing jointly or head of household$4,520$10,180

Itemized Deductions

Standard deductions and itemized deductions can be claimed depending on your tax situation. The same filing method must be chosen by both you and your spouse if you are married. It is also necessary for your spouse to itemize deductions.

Political Contributions

Montana allows itemized deductions of up to $100 for political donations. Joint filers can each claim $100 as a deduction. Montana will enable you to deduct your political contributions if you donate to:

  • An individual running for office at the federal, state, or local level
  • An organization or committee formed to promote a candidate for federal, state, or local office
  • Political parties or committees at the national, state, or local level

How to Calculate Montana State Income Tax?

In Montana, a person earning $70,000 will have to pay $11,822 in taxes. Income tax rates in Montana are 11.67% on average and 22% marginal on your income. Those who receive an immediate increase in income will also pay the marginal tax rate.

An income tax calculator can help you calculate your Montana State Income tax accurately. This way, you can estimate how much you might be required to pay on your taxable income. Your income is tax-free if it is below the standard deduction based on age, filing status, and disability.

Also Read: Florida State Income Tax

Do I have to pay Montana State Income Tax?

Whether you’re a full-time or part-time resident, if you earn income using your Montana business or property, you must file a Montana income tax return.

Filing StatusUnder 6565 and Older
Single or Married Filing Separately$5,090$7,800
Head of Household$10,180$12,890
Married Filing Jointly$10,180One spouse over 65: $12,890
Both spouses over 65: $15,600

Corporate and Franchise Income Tax

A standard corporate tax rate of 6.75% is imposed in Montana on business income. A lower tax rate can be achieved by electing Montana’s alternative gross sales tax rate method. This technique charges Montana business owners a flat 0.5% sales tax. A business must earn less than $100,000 in the state and meet other requirements to qualify for the lower tax rate.

Capital Gain Tax Rates

A capital gain is taxed based on its taxable income. Montana allows residents to credit up to 2% of their net capital gains toward their income taxes.

Property Taxes and Exemptions

Local governments collect property taxes in Montana, but the state charges none. A state program called the Property Tax Assistance Program (PTAP) can provide Montana’s residents with financial assistance to pay their property taxes. Their federal AGI must be at most $32,810 in 2023 to qualify for the program.

Inheritance and Estate Tax and Exemption

There is no inheritance tax or estate tax in Montana.

Am I a resident for Montana Income Tax Purposes?

Generally, an individual must reside in Montana to be eligible for in-state status. The requirement for a Montana domicile involves physical presence and proof of intent to remain. Montana residents’ income is taxed, regardless of where it was made.

Resident Status Rules

Residents of Montana live in or maintain a permanent residence in the state.

Part-year Resident Status Rules

A part-year resident moved into or out of Montana during the tax year to establish permanent residency in the new state.

Nonresident Status Rules

A nonresident of Montana does not live or work in the state.

Where is My Montana State Income Tax Refund?

You can usually find out your refund status after:

  • One week for e-filers
  • Six weeks for paper filers

The official website for checking your Montana refund status is To track your refund status, you must have your social security number and your refund amount. As a result of an increasing problem of identity theft and tax fraud, Montana has instituted safeguards that can delay refunds by up to 90 days. A refund may need to be verified by the department before it is sent. 

The process may take longer if the department needs to verify information reported on your return or if additional information must be provided. Montana refunds may also be delayed by:

  • Your return may contain math errors or adjustments.
  • Your return included more than one form type.
  • There needed to be more information or complete information in your return.
Montana State Income Tax

Why Did My Montana State Income Tax Increase?

Income tax can be affected by a variety of reasons. If your income tax has increased, some technical changes must be related to your filing. If your marital status changes or any deduction that was earlier valid but is not applied now, it can increase income tax. You must read between fine lines before filing Montana state income tax. 

The governor, however, lowered the income tax rate the most to help Montanans keep more of their earnings and make Montana more competitive. According to his Budget for Montana Families, Montanans will pay 5.9% instead of 6.75 %. In 2021, the governor took office with a 6.9% rate.

Also know About : Montana Self-Employment Tax Guide

Montana Sales Tax

Montana State Tax Rate is from 1.00 percent to 6.75 percent for its residents. Corporate income tax in Montana is 6.75%. However, Montana does not charge a state sales tax or a local sales tax. Meanwhile, use Beem’s online tax filing assistance regardless of your employment status.

5 Things to Know About Montana Income Tax

Here are five essential things to know about Montana Income Tax:

  • Elderly property owners and tenants above 62 years of age may be eligible for a refundable credit worth up to $1,150 if they rent or own a property in Montana for at least six months. 
  • Montana taxpayers who have claimed the EITC on their federal tax returns can claim 3% of the same EITC on their state tax returns.
  • The corporate income tax in Montana is 6.75%.
  • Montana has the 13th highest personal income tax rate at 6.9% in the US. 
  • The cost of living in Montana is 1% higher than the national average, and housing costs are 4% higher than the national average.


Q. Is Montana a high-tax state?

Yes, Montana is a high-tax state. In Montana, living costs, housing costs, and lifestyle maintenance are among the highest.

Q. Is Montana a tax-friendly state?

Montana is moderately tax-friendly as it charges 6.75% of corporate taxes and 22% in marginal taxes on your income. It does not charge any sales tax, but still, due to high taxes, the cost of living is 1% higher than the national average. 

Q. Is Montana an excellent place to live for taxes?

It depends on your situation. It is an excellent place to live after retirement, but there might be better ideas than staying there for business. The corporate tax and cost of living are higher in Montana than in other states nationwide.

Q. How much of my paycheck goes to taxes in Montana?

On average, Montana residents pay about 11.67 % of their income in taxes and 22% as a marginal tax. It is high compared to other states.

Q. Does Montana tax income earned in another state?

Yes, Montana Residents have to report income earned in other states. It will assist them in obtaining tax credits while filing tax returns.

Q. Does the state of Montana tax social security income?

Yes, Montana State taxes social security numbers. It depends on your income and filing status whether you are eligible for certain deductions. For single filers, the deduction is available if their income is less than $25,000, and for joint filers, if their income is less than $32,000.

Q. Can Montana state income tax go up?

With changes and higher inflation throughout the country, taxes might increase in Montana. However, the taxes were recently reduced in 2023 by the governor from 6.75 percent to 5.9%.

Q. Do seniors have to pay state income tax in Montana?

Yes, seniors have to pay taxes in Montana. They are offered certain exemptions and benefits to ensure minimum taxes. 

Q. Does Montana have a state income tax for the military?

The active duty payment in Montana is not taxable. Certain credits and exemptions are also applied to reduce taxes if other taxes are applicable. 

Q. What are Montana’s state income taxes for LLCs?

Montana collects 6.75% of corporate income tax from its residents. 

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Prem Kishan

A seasoned Product Manager who thrives on making a meaningful impact within the organization, Prem is deeply passionate about tackling intricate problems using cutting-edge technology and is a specialist in tax content.


This page is purely informational. Beem does not provide financial, legal or accounting advice. This article has been prepared for informational purposes only. It is not intended to provide financial, legal or accounting advice and should not be relied on for the same. Please consult your own financial, legal and accounting advisors before engaging in any transactions.

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