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Annual Percentage Rate (APR) is the annual interest amount levied upon the principal amount given by the lender or invested by the investor. It shows what is the principal percentage that you are obliged to pay by including the monthly payments in it. The calculation of APR is done through the multiplication of the periodic interest rate with the number of periods annually.

## What is Annual Percentage Rate (APR)?

APR means the annual amount of interest that is levied upon the sum that was provided by a lender or invested by an investor. This value is shown on the percentage is the actual representation of what the funds cost over a loan’s term or any profit that is accrued for an investment.

It also comprises fees or costs that are hidden or added in a transaction but compounding is not taken into account. This gives the users a bottom-line number to the contrast between the credit cards, lenders, or investment instruments.

## Functioning of annual percentage rate

This is displayed in the form of interest rates. The calculation shows what is the principal percentage that you are obliged to pay by including the monthly payments in it. This also includes the interest that an investor is receiving on his investments annually.

TILA (Truth in Lending Act) which was launched in 1968 made it compulsory for the lenders to reveal the APR that they charge from the borrowers.

Credit card companies are also required to advertise their interest rates each month, however, the customers need to be consented to before doing so.

## How to calculate APR?

The calculation of APR is done through the multiplication of the periodic interest rate with the number of periods annually.

Hence,

APR= (Fees+Interest/Principal/n) x 365) x100

Principal= The loan

n= Days in a loan term

Interest= Interest paid over the whole term of the loan

## What are the APR types?

The APR for credit cards differs on the basis of what charges are applied to them. This APR can be charged for different things like cash advances, purchases, the balance of transfers, etc. You might also have to pay high-rate penalty APRs to the customers for the payments that are delayed or other T&C that are violated.

In the case of bank loans, APRs can be variable for fixed. The latter’s rate is not changing and stays the same over the lifetime of a loan. While the former can change at any given time.

## Difference between APR and APY (Annual Percentage yield)

An APR does not take compound interest into account, but APY does. Hence, the APY always comes down to a higher amount than the APR. The less the compound interest and the more the interest rate, the more will be the difference between APY and APR.

For example, if the rate of APR is 12%, and it is compounded monthly. The principal is \$10,000

And the interest rate is 1%, or \$100. Hence, the balance becomes \$10,100. In the month that follows, the interest is reassessed as \$101. Hence, since this interest increased, the rate is now 12.68%. There are small increases in APY as a result of compounding, but not in APR.

Sometimes an APR or APY can define the same interest rate on a financial instrument or loan, lenders tend to lean towards the more shiny number to attract people. To compare both these rates effectively, you can use the mortgage calculator for a mortgage.

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