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Form 1098

Form 1098 and its variants are crucial in reporting tax-deductible expenses, such as mortgage interest, contributions, student loan interest and tuition. Here’s everything you need to know about the IRS Form 1098 aimed at reporting mortgage interest.
Form 1098 (2)
Form 1098
While receiving a form 1098 doesn't guarantee an automatic tax break, understanding its implications is essential for optimizing your tax situation when filing your return. Let's understand the crucial details related to IRS Form 1098.
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Form 1098 and its variants are crucial in reporting tax-deductible expenses, such as mortgage interest, contributions, student loan interest and tuition. Required by the IRS to be provided to taxpayers by January 31, these forms can impact your tax liability by qualifying you for deductions or credits. While receiving a form 1098 doesn’t guarantee an automatic tax break, understanding its implications is essential for optimizing your tax situation when filing your return. Get easy online tax filing assistance with Beem for all deadlines or extensions and get the maximum refund on your return.

What is Form 1098?

Lenders utilize Form 1098, the Mortgage Interest Statement, to report a borrower’s payments exceeding $600 in interest, mortgage insurance premiums or points throughout the tax year.

Each mortgage a lender holds requires a separate Form 1098 filing, contingent on meeting the $600 interest threshold. While not mandatory for amounts below $600, lenders may choose to file. This information is integral for tax deductions linked to interest, mortgage insurance premiums, or points.

In contrast, Form 1098-F which addresses fines, penalties, and other amounts, is an IRS-created form and not an assessment. State government agencies like the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts must file Form 1098-F to report final determinations of penalties exceeding $50,000.

Homeowners receive Form 1098, detailing paid interest during the tax year, from their mortgage loan service provider. If interest payments surpass $600, homeowners typically receive this form by January 31, even though it’s not mandatory for amounts under $600.

Properties must meet IRS criteria to be eligible, which ensure essential living features such as bathrooms, sleeping areas and cooking facilities.

This applies to various property types, including single-family homes, mobile homes, townhomes, condominiums, ranches, boats and yachts. Additionally, the mortgage must adhere to IRS guidelines, encompassing home equity loans, primary mortgages, secondary mortgages and refinanced mortgages.

Also Read: Do condo associations file tax returns

Purpose of Form 1098

Form 1098 is a significant document in financial transactions during the tax year, indicating various assessments and facilitating tax-related processes.

When the Comptroller’s office files a Form 1098-F with the IRS, a copy is sent to the individual required to pay a tax penalty of $50,000 or more based on final determinations.

Receiving any Form 1098 is typically associated with specific financial transactions conducted during the tax year. For instance, tuition payments to an eligible educational institution may result in receiving Form 1098-T. If mortgage interest payments surpass $600, the lender usually sends Form 1098, which taxpayers use to calculate the mortgage interest deduction applicable for that tax year.

The type and amount of transactions reported on Form 1098 determine its implications, guiding taxpayers on potential tax credits, deductions, or financial assessments related to their activities during the tax year. Whether it’s claiming education tax credits, reporting charitable donations, or calculating mortgage interest deductions, Form 1098 is crucial in the overall tax filing process.

Types of Form 1098

Mortgage Interest Statement (1098-Mortgage Interest)

IRS Form 1098 (Mortgage Interest Statement) is filled by mortgage providers for loans that they earn over $600 of interest on during the year. Individuals or sole proprietorships who hold a mortgage and have paid $600 or more in interest or points over the past year will typically receive a 1098 tax form from their lender. The interest you spend on your mortgage can be claimed as a deduction on your federal income tax return.

Mortgage Interest Statement allows businesses to notify the IRS of mortgage interest and points received over $600 on a single mortgage. The 1098 form will enable individuals to provide documentation when claiming the mortgage interest deduction.

There are three critical qualifying factors to determine if a mortgage is applicable:

  • The total interest or points paid is $600 or more significant for the tax year.
  • An individual or a sole proprietorship holds the mortgage.
  • The mortgage is backed by real estate, including land and any buildings or structures attached to it.

Student Loan Interest Statement (1098-Education Loan Interest)

The 1098-E Student Loan Interest Statement is a document that shows the sum of student loan interest that a borrower has paid to a lender within a year. Lenders must complete this form if they have borrowed $600 or more in interest during the year. This interest may qualify for deduction as an adjustment when computing your adjusted gross income (AGI). The deductible is contingent on your filing status and modified adjusted gross income (MAGI). When you file your tax return, you can use the details on this form to determine the potential deduction amount for which you qualify.

The form reports:

  • The lender’s name, address, phone number and taxpayer identification number
  • The borrower’s name, address, account number and taxpayer identification number
  • Has the student loan interest received by the lender changed in 2023?
  • Are there any modifications to the student loan interest deduction for the year 2023?

Student loan interest taxation has changed from tax year 2022 to tax year 2023. This increase has resulted from the income phase-out range for married couples filing joint returns. Single filers have an adjusted gross income phase-out range of $75,000 to $90,000; for joint returns, the range is $155,000 to $185,000.

Other Types of Form 1098 (if applicable)

There are multiple 1098 forms, all of which are associated with deductions. There are various other types of 1098 forms, and they are all associated with deductions.

Form 1098-C

Form 1098-C details the donations of automobiles, boats, and airplanes to charitable organizations that give the vehicles to those in need or sell them below the market. The 1098 form is filed and reported by the recipient organization, and it includes the following information:

  • Date of donation
  • Type of vehicle
  • Vehicle identification number (VIN)
  • Vehicle value

Form 1098-T

The Form 1098-T provides information about post-secondary tuition and related fees for the year. The educational institution files this form and it can be utilized to calculate tax deductions and academic credits, such as the American Opportunity Tax Credit (AOTC) and the Lifetime Learning Credit (LLC). Furthermore, the form reports any scholarships and grants received through the school that may reduce the taxpayer’s eligible deduction or credit.

Form 1098-MA

Individuals aided by the Housing Finance Agency Innovation Fund for the Hardest Hit Housing Markets (HFA Hardest Hit Fund) will receive Form 1098-MA. The recipients can utilize this form to report the payments they have received.

How to Fill Out Form 1098?

To complete Form 1098, you must report the mortgage interest you paid during the tax year. Follow these steps to help you through the process:

  • Obtain Form 1098: Your mortgage lender typically provides this form. They must send it to you by January 31 if you paid $600 or more in mortgage interest during the year.
  • Verify the Information: Review the form for accuracy, including your name, address, and mortgage interest paid.
  • Enter Payer Information: Provide your lender’s name, address, and taxpayer identification number (TIN) in the appropriate sections.
  • Provide Borrower Information: Enter your name, address, Social Security number (SSN), or taxpayer identification number.
  • Report Mortgage Interest: Box 1 of Form 1098 displays the total mortgage interest paid during the tax year. Enter this amount on your tax return. If there are other boxes with information relevant to your situation, review and include that information as needed.
  • Review Other Information: If applicable, check for additional details on the form, such as points paid on purchasing your primary residence.
  • Attach to Your Tax Return: Retain a copy of Form 1098 for your records, and attach a copy to your tax return when filing.
  • File Your Taxes: When filing your income tax return, report the mortgage interest on Schedule A (Itemized Deductions) if you itemize deductions.

These steps are general guidance; consulting with a tax professional or using tax software to ensure accuracy based on your specific situation is advisable. Tax laws and requirements may change, so staying informed is essential.

When to File Form 1098

You must file Form 1098 if you are a lending institution or collection agency in the real estate sector, a government unit, or a cooperative housing corporation. To understand it more clearly, if you are a real estate developer who provides financing for homes in your division and uses the home as security, the mortgage interest you receive must be reported on IRS Form 1098.

However, if you are a florist and provide a loan to an individual to purchase your home, the interest you receive is not reportable as this loan is separate from your business or trade. For additional information, please visit www.irs.gov.

Where to File Form 1098

Form 1098 is typically submitted to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and furnished to the taxpayer. The filing process generally operates as follows:

  • To the Borrower: The entity receiving the mortgage interest payments, often the lender or loan servicer, dispatches a copy of Form 1098 to the borrower (the taxpayer) by January 31 of the subsequent tax year. This form delineates the mortgage interest paid during the prior tax year.
  • To the IRS: The lender or loan servicer must also file a copy of Form 1098 with the IRS, which can be done electronically or by mail.

Conclusion

You must not file Form 1098 with your tax return as a borrower. Instead, you utilize the information on the form to report your mortgage interest on your tax return. When filing your taxes, you can input this information in the relevant section of your tax preparation software or provide it to your tax preparer.

If you are using tax preparation software, it will assist you through the process and may prompt you to enter the information from Form 1098. If you are working with a tax professional, you should furnish them with a copy of Form 1098 to ensure accurate completion of your tax return. Beem will help you get every dollar you’re due. Get the best refund on your returns with easy online tax filling from Beem.

FAQs

Who Receives Form 1098?

Borrowers with a mortgage receive Form 1098 from their lender or loan servicer. It details the amount of mortgage interest paid during the tax year.

What is a 1098 tax form used for?

Form 1098 is used to report mortgage interest paid by the borrower. This information is crucial for taxpayers to claim mortgage interest deductions on their income tax returns.

What happens if I don’t get my 1098 for my mortgage?

Contact your lender or loan servicer if you still need to receive Form 1098. They are obligated to provide it. With it, you may avoid claiming mortgage interest deductions.

What Happens if I Don’t Receive Form 1098?

If you are still waiting to receive Form 1098, contact your lender promptly. Please address this issue to report mortgage interest on your tax return accurately.

Is it worth filing a 1098?

Yes, it’s worth filing Form 1098 to report mortgage interest accurately. This can result in valuable deductions, potentially reducing your taxable income and overall tax liability.

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Author

Fatema Yusuf

Fatema Yusuf

A passionate writer, who loves to write about anything and everything. She usually writes about finance and investment options. She enjoys talking about personal development and loves to help people grow. she loves to cook for kids and upcycle old stuff to give them a new life.

Editor

This page is purely informational. Beem does not provide financial, legal or accounting advice. This article has been prepared for informational purposes only. It is not intended to provide financial, legal or accounting advice and should not be relied on for the same. Please consult your own financial, legal and accounting advisors before engaging in any transactions.

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