Missouri State Income Tax: Rates and Who Pays in 2023-2024

Let’s delve into the details of income tax structure, key components such as rates, deductions, refunds, and important considerations to ensure individual taxpayers and businesses can confidently navigate Missouri’s state income tax landscape.
Missouri State Income Tax
Missouri State Income Tax: Rates and Who Pays in 2023-2024
From comprehending the brackets and rates to grasping residency status rules and the process for calculating and paying the taxes, a comprehensive understanding to Missouri state income tax is essential. Let's explore!
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Managing and understanding state income tax complexities can be challenging but is crucial for responsible financial planning. In Missouri, a state with a thriving economy and a diverse population, comprehending the nuances of its state income tax framework is important for residents, non-residents with income derived from the state, and businesses functioning within its borders. 

From comprehending tax rates and brackets to grasping residency status rules and the process for calculating and paying state income tax, a comprehensive understanding is essential. This guide delves into the details of Missouri’s income tax structure, shedding light on key components such as rates, deductions, refunds, and important considerations, ensuring individuals and businesses can confidently navigate Missouri’s state income tax landscape. To file your taxes online regardless of your employment or filing status, check out Beem and get the maximum refund.

Missouri State Income Tax

Missouri’s taxation policy mandates payments from residents or non-residents earning within the state. With income tax rates peaking at 5.4%, alongside a 4.225% sales tax rate, Missouri also provides tax relief options, such as standard and itemized deductions, charitable contribution credits, and a property tax credit catering to seniors, designed to alleviate tax burdens for eligible individuals.

Does Missouri Have a State Income Tax?

Missouri obligates residents and non-residents earning from Missouri to pay state income tax, with rates reaching 5.4%. The state employs a progressive income tax structure, adjusting rates based on income levels. Additionally, Missouri maintains a sales tax rate of 4.225%. It is among states that enforce income tax, offering various brackets, deductions, and exemptions, catering to diverse income levels and situations.

Also Read: Georgia State Income Tax

Missouri State Income Tax – How much will the income after tax in Missouri with Filing Status

Annual IncomeFiling Status –
Filing Status –
Married Filing Jointly
Filing Status –
Head of Household

Missouri State Income Tax Rates and Tax Brackets

Understanding Missouri’s income tax rates and brackets is crucial for accurately assessing one’s tax liabilities. The state employs a progressive income tax system, meaning tax rates increase as income rises. Familiarizing oneself with the specific tax brackets confirms compliance and effective tax planning. The table below outlines the tax brackets and corresponding tax obligations for the Missouri state.

If your Missouri taxable income is over:But not overYour tax is
$109$1,0881.5% of the Missouri taxable income
$1,088$2,176$16 plus 2.0% of excess over $1,088
$2,176$3,264$38 plus 2.5% of excess over $2,176
$3,264$4,352$65 plus 3.0% of excess over $3,264
$4,352$5,440$98 plus 3.5% of excess over $4,352
$5,440$6,528$136 plus 4.0% of excess over $5,440
$6,528$7,616$180 plus 4.5% of excess over $6,528
$7,616$8,704$229 plus 5.0% of excess over $7,616
$8,704$283 plus 5.4% of excess over $8,704
Table 1.0 – Missouri State Income Tax Brackets for 2022-2023 based on Taxable Income Ranges.

What is Missouri’s Standard Deduction?

Missouri’s standard deduction serves as a valuable tool for taxpayers, enabling a reduction in taxable income. The 2021 standard deduction permits individuals to claim $12,550 for single filers, $25,100 for married couples filing jointly, $18,800 for heads of households, and $25,100 for qualifying widows or widowers. Understanding these deductions and their specific eligibility criteria holds significant weight, allowing taxpayers to lower their overall tax liabilities effectively.

How to Calculate Missouri State Income Tax

Effectively calculating Missouri’s state income tax requires a thorough grasp of the state’s specific tax formula, incorporating relevant tax rates and deductions. For instance, with an annual income of $70,000 in Missouri, the corresponding tax amount would be $11,060, resulting in an average tax rate of 11.67% and a marginal tax rate of 22%. Understanding these calculations empowers individuals to assess their tax liabilities, facilitating effective financial planning. Furthermore, for incomes below the determined 2022-2023 standard deduction based on the filer’s status and age, the tax obligation is reduced to $0.

Also Read: Michigan State Income Tax

Do I Have to Pay Missouri State Income Tax?

Understanding Missouri’s taxation requirements is essential, as the state imposes income tax on both residents and non-residents earning income within Missouri. Deciding whether one must pay state income tax relies on crucial determinants, such as residency status and the origin of the income. Familiarizing oneself with the rules and guidelines governing the payment of state income tax in Missouri is vital for ensuring adherence to the state’s tax regulations.

How to Pay Missouri State Income Tax

Paying Missouri state income tax is a straightforward process that can be completed through varied methods, including electronic payment, checks, or money orders. Understanding the available payment options and deadlines is essential for avoiding penalties and ensuring timely tax payments.

Am I a Resident for Missouri Income Tax Purposes?

Residency status plays a critical role in determining an individual’s tax obligations in Missouri. The state establishes clear guidelines for defining residents, part-year residents, and non-residents for tax purposes, ensuring that each taxpayer’s obligations align with their specific residency status.

Resident Status Rules

A Missouri resident is an individual domiciled within the state. Additionally, individuals not domiciled in Missouri but possessing permanent living arrangements in the state and spending over 183 days there are also classified as Missouri residents for tax purposes.

Part-Year Resident Status Rules

Understanding the distinct tax regulations applicable to part-year residents in Missouri is crucial for ensuring compliance with state guidelines. Part-year residents, individuals who move into or out of Missouri within the tax year, encounter specific tax considerations differing from those for full-year residents.

Additionally, in cases where one spouse is a resident and the other is not, it is necessary to file the state return using the same status as indicated in the federal return. Familiarity with these rules is essential for part-year residents to fulfill their tax obligations accurately.

Non-resident Status Rules

Understanding the tax obligations imposed on non-residents earning income in Missouri is crucial, particularly for individuals maintaining residency in another state. Non-resident status pertains to individuals not domiciled in the state, including those with a permanent abode elsewhere, spending at most 30 days within Missouri during the tax year. Familiarity with these regulations is essential for ensuring that non-residents comply with the state’s tax requirements, providing accurate tax reporting and payments for individuals earning income within Missouri.

Missouri State Income Tax
Missouri State Income Tax: Rates and Who Pays in 2023-2024 2

Where is My Missouri State Income Tax Refund?

Tracking the whereabouts of a Missouri state income tax refund is crucial for individuals anticipating a refund. Accessing the Missouri Return Inquiry System on the official government website allows taxpayers to check their refund status.

Users need to input their Social Security number as displayed on their tax return and select the appropriate filing status. Typically, electronic filers can expect refunds within five business days, whereas those mailing paper returns may wait up to four weeks. Factors such as math errors, incomplete information, or using multiple form types could delay the refund process.

Why Did My Missouri State Income Tax Increase?

Changes in income levels, alterations in tax laws, and modifications in deductions or credits can all impact one’s Missouri state income tax. Recent legislative actions, such as House Bill 816, have aimed to enhance Missouri’s tax competitiveness, proposing reductions in both individual and corporate income tax rates. Implementing these reforms, including the reduction of the top individual income tax rate from 4.95% to 4.5% by 2024, demonstrates Missouri’s commitment to sustaining a competitive state tax code amidst a landscape of evolving tax competition.

Missouri Sales Tax

Missouri’s revenue generation extends beyond income tax, encompassing a comprehensive sales tax structure for various goods and services. With a state sales tax rate of 4.225 percent, Missouri further allows for a maximum local sales tax rate of 5.763 percent, culminating in an average combined state and local sales tax rate of 8.33 percent.

Sales taxes serve as a vital revenue stream for both state and local governments in Missouri, with rates varying across different regions, occasionally reaching as high as 11.988 percent due to additional levies by counties and cities. Check out Beem to file your federal and state tax returns online with any filing status (single or joint).

5 Things to Know About Missouri Income Tax

1. Missouri imposes state income tax on residents and non-residents, with rates reaching 5.4% while employing a progressive income tax structure.

2. Missouri’s sales tax structure comprises a state rate of 4.225%, with combined state and local rates reaching 8.33% and, in some areas, as high as 11.988%.

3. For individuals earning $70,000 annually in Missouri, the corresponding tax amounts to $11,060, with an average tax rate of 11.67% and a marginal tax rate of 22%.

4. Taxpayers contributing to a first-time home buyer account can deduct up to $800 per year or $1,600 for married couples filing jointly, with the possibility of including interest in this deduction.

5. Contributions to designated local entities such as food pantries, homeless shelters, or soup kitchens entitle taxpayers to a nonrefundable tax credit of 50% of the donation’s value, up to a maximum of $2,500 per person, provided the donation is within the state.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. Is Missouri a High Tax State?

Missouri is not considered a high-tax state, featuring state income tax rates that reach a maximum of 5.4% and a sales tax rate of 4.225%. Notably, the state’s tax system ranks 11th overall on the 2023 State Business Tax Climate Index, highlighting its positioning as a low-income tax state.

Q. Is Missouri a Tax-Friendly State?

Missouri is considered moderately tax-friendly, with wages being taxed at standard rates and a marginal state tax rate of 5.30%. 

Q. Is Missouri a Good Place to Live for Taxes?

Missouri’s appealing tax environment is attributed to its low cost of living, stemming from factors like reduced property taxes, affordable housing, and below-average prices for goods and services.

Q. How Much of my Paycheck Goes to Taxes in Missouri?

In Missouri, the portion of your paycheck allocated to taxes is contingent on your income level, aligning with the state’s progressive income tax rates ranging from 0% to 5.3%.

Q. Does Missouri Tax Income Earned in another State?

Missouri requires you to include your entire income, including that earned in other states, on your state return. This process involves starting with the federal adjusted gross income as reported on your federal return.

Q. Does the State of Missouri Tax Social Security Income?

Missouri’s taxation of Social Security income varies, with rates ranging from 0% to 5.3%. Taxpayers aged 62 and older with lower adjusted gross incomes may entirely or partially deduct their Social Security benefits.

Q. Can Missouri State Income Tax go up?

Yes, Missouri State Income Tax can be subject to change. Alterations in state legislation, adjustments in tax rates, or modifications in tax policies can potentially lead to an increase in Missouri’s state income tax.

Q. Do Seniors have to Pay State Income Tax in Missouri?

In Missouri, senior citizens are exempt from paying state income tax on public pensions and Social Security payments following the implementation of Senate Bill 448, effective from the upcoming year.

Q. Does Missouri have State Income Tax for the Military?

Missouri does not impose state income tax on military pay under the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act. As a result, all active duty members stationed in Missouri are eligible for tax exemption.

Q. What are Missouri’s State Income Taxes for LLCs?

Missouri LLCs are subject to a range of taxes, encompassing federal income tax at 15.3%, varying state income tax rates from 1.5% to 5.3%, sales and use tax at 4.225%, as well as local taxes that differ by municipality. Additionally, LLCs must handle unemployment insurance tax, workers’ compensation insurance, and industry-specific taxes.

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Team Beem brings you the latest in the world of personal finance to you. From tips and tricks on how to manage money to how to get cash for emergencies, Beem is your destination for all the information you need to be smart about your money.

This page is purely informational. Beem does not provide financial, legal or accounting advice. This article has been prepared for informational purposes only. It is not intended to provide financial, legal or accounting advice and should not be relied on for the same. Please consult your own financial, legal and accounting advisors before engaging in any transactions.

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