Georgia State Income Tax for 2023-2024: All in one Guide

In Georgia, state income tax rates for 2022-2023 are structured across six brackets, ranging from 1% to 5.75%. Let’s explore Georgia’s state income taxes in detail.
Georgia State Income Tax (2)
Georgia State Income Tax for 2023-2024: All in one Guide
It's essential to stay updated with Georgia state income tax changes advised by the IRS in the 2023 filing update. Read on to know more!
In this article

In Georgia, state income tax rates for 2022-2023 are structured across six brackets, ranging from 1% to 5.75%. The specific bracket you fall into and the amount of income tax you owe are determined by factors such as your marital status, residency, and total income.

Single filers, married individuals filing jointly or as heads of household, and those married but filing separately each have their tax rates and brackets. For example, single filers pay 1% on incomes up to $750, and the rate gradually increases as income rises. It’s essential to stay updated with Georgia state income tax changes, as certain situations may require amended returns, as advised by the IRS in the 2023 filing update. Check out Beem to file your state and federal taxes online without any errors to get the maximum refund and peace of mind.

Does Georgia Have a State Income Tax?

Yes, Georgia has a state income tax. Full-time residents of Georgia are generally required to file a state income tax return under several conditions:

Federal Tax Filing Requirement

If you must file a federal tax return with the IRS, you will likely need to file a corresponding state income tax return in Georgia. It means that if your income meets the federal threshold for filing a federal tax return, you should also consider your state filing obligations.

Income Thresholds

Georgia’s income tax laws stipulate specific income thresholds that trigger the need to file a state income tax return. You must file a Georgia state income tax return if your income exceeds these thresholds. These thresholds can vary based on your filing status, such as single, married, head of household, or other categories.

Georgia State Income Tax – How much will the income after tax in Georgia with Filing Status

Annual IncomeFiling Status –
Filing Status –
Married Filing Jointly
Filing Status –
Head of Household

Georgia State Income Tax Rates And Tax Brackets

Georgia’s state income tax rates for 2022-2023 are structured across six brackets, ranging from 1% to 5.75%. Here’s a concise breakdown of the same:

Filing Status: Single

Tax RateTaxable Income Bracket
1%$0 – $750
2%$751 – $2,250
3%$2,251 – $3,750
4%$3,751 – $5,250
5%$5,251 – $7,000
5.75%$7,001 or more

Filing Status: Married Filing Jointly / Head of Household

Tax RateTaxable Income Bracket
1%$0 – $1,000
2%$1,001 – $3,000
3%$3,001 – $5,000
4%$5,001 – $7,000
5%$7,001 – $10,000
5.75%$10,001 or more

Filing Status: Married Filing Separately

Tax RateTaxable Income Bracket
1%$0 – $500
2%$501 – $1,500
3%$1,501 – $2,500
4%$2,501 – $3,500
5%$3,501 – $5,000
5.75%$5,001 or more

What Is Georgia’s Standard Deduction?

The standard deduction is a fixed amount individuals can subtract from their taxable income to minimize a part of their income subject to taxation. It simplifies the tax filing process and is an alternative to itemizing deductions. 

In Georgia, the standard deduction has been raised in the year 2022. Single filers can now claim a standard deduction of $5,400, while those married and filing jointly have a standard deduction of $7,100.

How To Calculate Georgia State Income Tax?

Calculating Georgia state income tax involves a straightforward process:

Step 1: Determine Gross Income

Start with your total income before deductions.

Step 2: Identify Tax Bracket

Find the tax rate applicable to your income bracket.

Step 3: Apply Tax Rate

Multiply your gross income by the tax rate to calculate the tax owed.

Step 4: Consider Deductions/Credits

Account for any deductions or tax credits you qualify for.

Step 5: Final Tax Liability

Subtract deductions/credits from the calculated tax amount for your liability.

For example, if your gross income is $50,000 and you fall into the 5.75% tax bracket, your tax would be $2,875. Deductions and credits may reduce this amount. Individual circumstances can vary, so professional advice for precise calculations is advisable.

Also Read: South Carolina State Income Tax

Do I Have To Pay Georgia State Income Tax?

In Georgia, whether you must pay state income tax depends on income, filing status, and residency. You may owe state income tax if your income surpasses the standard deduction for your filing status. Full-time residents generally pay tax on all income, part-year residents pay on Georgia-earned income, and nonresidents on specific types of state income. Deductions and credits can also affect your tax liability. To determine your obligation, calculate taxable income, consider residency and filing status, and account for deductions or credits. 

How To Pay Georgia State Income Tax?

To pay Georgia state income tax, follow these steps:

For Individuals:

  • Visit the Georgia Tax Center website.
  • Under “Tasks,” click “Make a Quick Payment.”
  • Review the request details and click “Next.”
  • Choose “Individual” as the customer type.
  • Select your ID type and Social Security #, and click “Next.”
  • Indicate if you have a payment number, provide ID information, and click “Next.”
  • Complete the Payor Information and Payment Information sections.
  • Review the request and click “Submit.”
  • Confirm the payment by clicking “OK” and note the confirmation number.

For Businesses:

  • Visit the Georgia Tax Center.
  • Click “Make a Quick Payment” under “Tasks.”
  • Review the request details and click “Next.”
  • Select “Business” as the customer type.
  • Choose the Account Type and click “Next.”
  • Indicate if you have a payment number, enter the required details, and click “Next.”
  • Complete the Payor Information and Payment Information sections.
  • Review the request and click “Submit.”
  • Confirm the payment with “OK” and record the confirmation number.

These steps will help you pay your Georgia state income tax efficiently.

Also Read: Missouri State Income Tax

Georgia State Income Tax (2)

Am I A Resident For Georgia Income Tax Purposes?

Georgia classifies residents into three categories, each with different tax calculation rules:

Resident Status

Resident status in Georgia is determined by individuals who legally reside in the state year-round, even if they temporarily live outside Georgia. This classification is significant as it influences how much your income is subject to Georgia state taxation. Understanding your resident status is crucial for accurate income reporting and determining state tax liability.

Part-Year Resident Status

Individuals who are legal residents of Georgia for only part of the tax year. They must use Georgia Form 500 for filing if required.

Nonresident Status

Nonresidents living in other states but earning certain types of income from Georgia may also need to file a state income tax return. It applies to various forms of income, including wages, Georgia lottery winnings, income from flow-through entities, and rent.

Also Read: North Carolina State Income Tax

Where Is My Georgia State Income Tax Refund?

To locate your Georgia state income tax refund, you should first allow a processing period of approximately 2-3 weeks after submitting your return. You will need the taxpayer’s Social Security number and the expected refund amount. There are several ways to check your refund status:


You can check your refund online without needing a login.

Georgia Tax Center (GTC) Account

Signing up for a GTC account offers online access and notifications, including when a refund has been issued.

Automated Telephone Service

Utilize the automated telephone service by calling the Department.

It’s important to note that you should only contact the Department if your refund status has stayed the same for more than six weeks and the system instructs you to do so. Some returns may take longer to process due to errors or incomplete information.

Why Did My Georgia State Income Tax Increase?

Your Georgia state income tax may have increased due to a specific state tax reform initiative in 2022. Georgia implemented a revenue trigger mechanism to gradually reduce the income tax rate to 4.99 percent over time. This change was designed to enhance Georgia’s competitiveness and make it a more attractive destination for individuals and businesses, aligning it with neighboring states like Alabama and North Carolina, which have lower income tax rates. While tax reductions are beneficial in the long term, they may have resulted in changes to individual tax liabilities, potentially leading to increased state income tax for some residents.

Georgia Sales Tax

Sales tax is a consumption-based tax imposed on the purchase of goods and services, and it plays a significant role in generating revenue for state, county, and local governments. In Atlanta, Georgia, as of 2023, the minimum combined sales tax rate is 8.9%. This rate is a sum of various components:

  • The state sales tax rate is 4%.
  • The county sales tax rate is 3%.
  • The city-specific Atlanta sales tax rate is 1.5%.

Sales tax rates can vary across jurisdictions within the state, impacting consumers’ final tax amount when purchasing. Understanding these rates is essential for businesses and consumers to calculate their tax liabilities accurately.

5 Things To Know About Georgia Income Tax

Here are the five most important things to know about Georgia income tax:

Progressive Tax Rates

Georgia’s income tax system is progressive, meaning higher income levels are subject to higher tax rates. The tax rates range from 1% to 5.75%, with different brackets for single filers, married individuals, and heads of households.

Residency Matters

Your resident status in Georgia plays a crucial role in determining your state income tax obligations. Full-time residents are generally subject to tax on their worldwide income, while part-year residents and nonresidents are taxed differently based on the portion of the year they spend in the state.

Standard Deduction

Georgia offers a standard deduction that varies based on your filing status and age. As of 2022-2023, single filers can deduct $5,400, and those married filing jointly can deduct $7,100.

Online Payment Options

Georgia provides an online platform, the Georgia Tax Center, for convenient tax payments. Whether an individual or a business, you can use this portal to make tax payments efficiently.

Consider Deductions and Credits

To reduce your Georgia state income tax liability, explore deductions and tax credits that may apply to your situation. These can include education credits, retirement income exclusions, and others that can help lower your overall tax burden. Understanding these critical aspects of Georgia income tax can help you manage your tax obligations effectively and potentially reduce your tax liability through appropriate deductions and credits. Meanwhile, use Beem to file your personal tax returns online even if you have worked in multiple states or have multiple W-2s.


Q. Is Georgia a high-tax state?

Georgia is not generally considered a high-tax state due to its relatively moderate tax rates.

Q. Is Georgia a tax-friendly state?

Georgia is often viewed as tax-friendly due to its relatively low-income tax rates and exemptions for certain retirement income, making it attractive for retirees.

Q. Is Georgia a good place to live for taxes?

Thanks to favorable tax policies on retirement income and exemptions for seniors, Georgia can be an excellent place to live for taxes, especially for retirees.

Q. How much of my paycheck goes to taxes in Georgia?

The amount of your paycheck that goes to taxes in Georgia depends on your income, deductions, and filing status, but the state has relatively modest income tax rates compared to some other states.

Q. Does Georgia tax income earned in another state?

Georgia generally taxes income earned in another state. Still, it credits taxes paid to other states to avoid double taxation, ensuring that residents are not taxed twice on the same income.

Q. Does the state of Georgia tax social security income?

Georgia does not tax Social Security income, making it a highly favorable state for retirees who rely on this income source.

Q. Can Georgia state income tax go up?

Georgia’s state income tax rates can change through legislative action, potentially resulting in tax rate increases if lawmakers decide to adjust tax policies.

Q. Do seniors have to pay state income tax in Georgia?

Seniors in Georgia can benefit from exemptions and deductions, potentially reducing or eliminating their state income tax liability, a welcome relief for retirees on fixed incomes.

Q. Does Georgia have a state income tax for the military?

Georgia supports its military personnel by offering exceptional tax benefits, including exemptions for military retirement income, making it an attractive state for veterans and active-duty military members.

Q. What are Georgia’s state income taxes for LLCs?

Georgia imposes state income taxes on LLCs, but the tax rates and rules can vary based on the LLC’s specific circumstances and activities, so it’s essential for LLC owners to understand their tax obligations.

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Prem Kishan

A seasoned Product Manager who thrives on making a meaningful impact within the organization, Prem is deeply passionate about tackling intricate problems using cutting-edge technology and is a specialist in tax content.


This page is purely informational. Beem does not provide financial, legal or accounting advice. This article has been prepared for informational purposes only. It is not intended to provide financial, legal or accounting advice and should not be relied on for the same. Please consult your own financial, legal and accounting advisors before engaging in any transactions.

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