6 Types Of Car Insurance Coverage Explained [2024]

It is important to familiarise yourself with your state’s car insurance requirements and the purposes of each type of coverage to select the most suitable policy. Let’s dig deeper into some common types of auto insurance coverage.
Types Of Car Insurance (2)
6 Types Of Car Insurance Coverage Explained [2024]
When seeking auto insurance, it's crucial to grasp the diverse types of coverage available to protect you, your passengers, and your vehicle in a car accident. This guide provides relevant information on the top types of car insurance for your needs. Also, check out Beem's best car insurance quotes with upto 40% off your coverage.
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When seeking auto insurance, it’s crucial to grasp the diverse types of coverage available to protect you, your passengers, and your vehicle in a car accident.

These coverages may vary depending on your location, with some being obligatory and others optional. Familiarizing yourself with your state’s requirements and the purposes of each coverage can aid in selecting the most suitable policy.

Here is a list of some common types of auto insurance coverage that you should dig deeper into.

6 Types of Car Insurance Coverage

1. Liability Car Insurance

Liability insurance is a fundamental component of car insurance, typically mandated in most states. It has two key facets:

a) Bodily Injury Liability:

This aspect covers expenses related to injuries you cause to others in an accident. For instance, if you’re at fault in a collision and someone is injured, this coverage helps pay their medical bills. State laws often require drivers to have bodily injury liability coverage.

b) Property Damage Liability:

Property damage liability covers the repair or replacement costs for property you damage with your vehicle, such as other cars, fences, mailboxes, or buildings.

For instance, if you accidentally damage a neighbor’s mailbox during adverse weather conditions, this coverage can assist in compensating for the damages. Many states mandate property damage liability coverage.

These liability coverages are typically expressed as three numbers (e.g., 100/300/50), denoting the maximum amounts available for bodily injury per person, total bodily injury, and property damage per accident, respectively.

It’s essential to meet your state’s minimum requirements; anything beyond those limits would be your responsibility.

2. Collision Car Insurance

Collision insurance is a voluntary but significant facet of auto insurance, primarily required for leased or financed vehicles. Regardless of fault, it becomes relevant when your vehicle suffers damage from accidents.

Whether you collide with another vehicle or inanimate objects like a tree or pothole, collision insurance helps offset the costs of repairing or replacing your car up to its current cash value, minus any applicable deductible.

While it’s not mandatory by state laws, lenders or lessors often mandate it to protect their financial interest in the vehicle.

Considering the impact of deductibles on premiums, assessing the need for collision coverage is particularly important for older vehicles with lower cash values.

3. Comprehensive Car Insurance

Comprehensive insurance, often called “other than collision coverage”, is an optional but valuable component of auto insurance.

While state laws do not mandate it, lenders may insist on it for leased or financed vehicles. This coverage handles damage to your car resulting from incidents beyond collisions, including theft, vandalism, natural disasters, or accidents involving animals.

For instance, if a fallen branch breaks your windshield during a snowstorm while your car is parked under a tree, comprehensive coverage can assist in covering repair costs.

Like collision coverage, comprehensive insurance typically involves a deductible, allowing you to select an amount you’ll pay out of pocket before the insurer covers the rest, up to your vehicle’s actual cash value.

Considering the deductible’s impact on premiums, assessing the need for comprehensive coverage is essential, particularly for older vehicles with lower cash values.

4. Personal Injury Protection (PIP)

Personal Injury Protection (PIP), or no-fault insurance, is a specialized form of car insurance that is mandatory in 12 states and available as an option in others.

PIP covers the policyholder’s direct and indirect medical expenses following an accident, regardless of fault. This insurance not only helps with medical bills but can also extend to cover funeral costs and lost wages.

The extent of coverage may vary based on policy limits, with some PIP policies covering up to 80% of medical and related expenses arising from a covered accident.

PIP is especially valuable for ensuring financial support in the event of an accident and is worth considering depending on your state’s requirements and personal circumstances.

5. Uninsured/Underinsured Motorist Coverage

Uninsured/Underinsured Motorist Coverage, a vital component of car insurance, is mandatory in 20 states and optional in others. This coverage safeguards you in an accident with a driver lacking insurance or carrying insufficient coverage. It comprises three distinct coverages:

a) Uninsured Motorist Bodily Injury Coverage (UMBI):

This coverage assists in covering bodily injury expenses for you and your passengers if you’re involved in an accident with an uninsured driver or a hit-and-run motorist, ensuring that medical costs are taken care of.

b) Uninsured Motorist Property Damage Coverage (UMPD):

This specific coverage caters to the repair costs for your vehicle when it’s damaged by an uninsured driver or a hit-and-run accident, preventing you from bearing the financial burden of repairs.

c) Underinsured Motorist Coverage:

Underinsured Motorist Coverage becomes essential when you’re in an accident with a driver whose insurance falls short of covering the necessary costs, providing the required financial support to bridge the gap between the at-fault driver’s coverage and your actual expenses.

Since the requirements for Uninsured/Underinsured Motorist Coverage differ by state, it’s crucial to check your specific state’s minimum requirements to ensure adequate protection in case of accidents involving uninsured or underinsured drivers.

d) Medical Payments (MedPay) Coverage

Medical Payments Coverage, often called Med Pay, is a valuable component of car insurance that can help cover medical expenses resulting from accidents, regardless of fault. Whether you, your passengers, or family members driving the insured vehicle are injured in a collision, Med Pay may assist in paying for hospital visits, surgeries, X-rays, and other related medical costs.

This coverage is optional in most states but is mandated in two states. It ensures that you and your loved ones receive necessary medical support in the event of an accident, mitigating the financial burden associated with injuries sustained on the road.

6. Gap Insurance

Gap insurance, also known as “loan/lease gap coverage”, is an optional but crucial aspect of car insurance. It comes into play when your car is either stolen or declared a total loss, and you owe more on your auto loan than the vehicle’s depreciated value.

This coverage helps bridge the financial gap between what your car is worth and the remaining loan or lease amount.

While it’s not mandated by state law, lenders often require it for leased or financed vehicles. Gap insurance is precious for new cars, as their value can depreciate rapidly in the early stages of ownership. Leasing companies typically insist on carrying gap insurance for leased vehicles.

This coverage ensures you don’t pay out of pocket for a vehicle you no longer possess.

7. Rental Reimbursement Insurance

Rental reimbursement, a supplementary car insurance feature, provides financial assistance when your vehicle is undergoing repair due to a covered insurance claim. This coverage ensures you remain mobile by covering the expenses of renting a replacement vehicle.

While there are limitations on the daily and overall claim payout, it typically offers sufficient coverage to rent a vehicle for the entire duration your car is in the repair shop.

Facing alternative transportation costs following an accident can be burdensome, making Rental Reimbursement insurance a valuable option to help ease the financial strain during these times.

8. Towing and Labor Insurance

Towing and Labor Insurance, available as an extension to existing comprehensive car insurance, offers coverage for towing and repair labor expenses. Towing coverage is optional and reimburses towing expenses from where your vehicle becomes immobilized.

It can be instrumental as towing costs often depend on the distance. To add towing coverage, it’s typically a prerequisite to have comprehensive coverage on your policy.

Labor coverage, an optional component, not only addresses the expenses associated with on-site vehicle repair, including the delivery and installation of necessary parts (parts cost excluded) but also helps ensure that your vehicle is back on the road as swiftly as possible without the added financial burden of labor costs, making it a valuable addition to your car insurance policy.

It’s essential to know your policy’s specific towing limits, which may vary depending on individual policies, including reimbursement amounts, the number of claims permitted annually, and considerations for longer-distance tows.

Additionally, some policyholders may have opted for Roadside Assistance as an alternative to towing and labor coverage. It’s advisable to consult your agent or policy documentation for clarity on the coverage provided.

Auto insurance with Beem offers coverage for damage to your vehicle, damage to other vehicles or property, and injuries to yourself or others. 

People Also Read: Top 10 Steps to Take After a Car Accident

Types of Car Insurance FAQs

Which type of car insurance is best?

The best type of car insurance depends on your specific needs and circumstances. Comprehensive coverage offers extensive protection, but liability is often the most affordable option.

How do I choose car insurance?

To choose car insurance, consider your state’s requirements, your vehicle’s value, your driving habits, and your desired coverage levels.

What type of insurance covers damage to your car?

The type of insurance that covers damage to your car is collision and comprehensive coverage. These coverages help pay for repair or replacement costs in the event of damage to your vehicle.

What is the cheapest category for car insurance?

The cheapest category for car insurance is typically liability coverage, but costs vary based on individual factors.

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Aniket Kulkarni

A seasoned Product Manager specializing in car insurance content, Aniket has a passion for simplifying complex insurance concepts. His strategic approach to content development reflects years of experience in the product development industry, coupled with a commitment to providing accurate, reliable information.


This page is purely informational. Beem does not provide financial, legal or accounting advice. This article has been prepared for informational purposes only. It is not intended to provide financial, legal or accounting advice and should not be relied on for the same. Please consult your own financial, legal and accounting advisors before engaging in any transactions.

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