Does Ohio Have An Estate Tax?

Ohio has no state estate tax, but residents must comply with federal estate tax laws in 2023, with a $12.92 million exemption. Strategic estate planning, proactive gifts, and utilizing trusts are essential to minimizing tax burdens.
Does Ohio Have An Estate Tax
Does Ohio Have An Estate Tax?
Ohio necessitates careful consideration of federal duties. Trusts such as Marital Trusts and Irrevocable Life Insurance Trusts provide tax-advantaged alternatives, emphasizing the significance of intelligent estate planning.
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Does Ohio have an estate tax? Although Ohio does not have an estate tax, it is essential to understand that federal estate tax obligations still apply. More information on handling the intricacies of federal estate tax rules may be found here.

Does Ohio Have an Estate Tax?

Ohio does not have an estate tax. While Ohio residents are not subject to state-level estate taxes, it’s important to note that federal estate taxes may still apply. The federal estate tax exemption for 2023 is $12.92 million. Individuals with estates exceeding this threshold may owe federal estate taxes. It’s advisable to consider national estate tax implications and engage in estate planning to minimize potential tax burdens. Beem allows you to file both federal and state taxes at the best prices to ensure maximum tax refund.

What are the Exemptions from the Ohio Estate Tax?

As Ohio does not have an estate tax; therefore, there are no specific exemptions to consider. However, residents must be aware of federal estate tax regulations, as they may still be subject to federal estate taxes if their estate exceeds the exemption threshold. As of 2023, the federal estate tax exemption is $12.92 million. Engaging in comprehensive estate planning and staying informed about federal regulations can help individuals minimize potential tax liabilities.

How is the Ohio Estate Tax Calculated?

In Ohio, for federal estate tax calculation, individuals need to consider the taxable estate, which is the total value above the federal exemption. Federal estate tax rates are progressive, ranging from 18% to 40%. The tax owed is determined by applying these rates to different portions of the taxable estate. For a comprehensive calculation, one must subtract the exemption, consult the applicable tax rates, and consider any adjustments. It’s advisable to seek professional advice for accurate and personalized estate tax planning strategies.

How to File an Ohio Estate Tax Return?

To file an Ohio estate tax return, as of August 18, 2023, is not applicable since Ohio does not impose an estate tax. Ohio is one of 38 states that do not have a state-level estate tax. However, individuals should be mindful of federal estate tax obligations if their estate surpasses the federal exemption threshold. Executors typically fulfill federal requirements by filing a federal estate tax return (Form 706) with the IRS. Seeking professional guidance and staying informed about tax laws is crucial for proper estate planning and compliance with federal regulations.

Ohio Estate Tax and Trusts

Estate planning in Ohio involves navigating the intricacies of state and federal tax laws to ensure the efficient transfer of assets to heirs. While Ohio doesn’t impose an estate tax, understanding the implications of federal estate taxes is crucial for comprehensive planning. In navigating Ohio’s estate planning landscape, considering these trust structures underlines the importance of seeking professional advice to tailor strategies to individual circumstances and optimize the financial legacy passed on to future generations.

Marital Trusts

Marital trusts play a pivotal role in Ohio estate planning, allowing spouses to transfer unlimited assets to each other tax-free. This trust structure ensures that the surviving spouse has access to essential resources while potentially minimizing the overall tax burden on the estate. Couples can utilize the marital deduction to optimize the tax-efficient allocation of their assets.

Irrevocable Life Insurance Trust

An Irrevocable Life Insurance Trust (ILIT) can be a strategic tool for Ohio residents aiming to shield life insurance proceeds from estate taxes. By creating an ILIT, individuals can remove the insurance policy from their taxable estate, potentially reducing the impact of federal estate taxes on the overall wealth transfer.

Qualified Personal Residence Trust

For those concerned about the tax implications of passing on a primary residence, a Qualified Personal Residence Trust (QPRT) can be an effective strategy. This trust allows individuals to transfer their residence to heirs at a reduced tax value, providing a tax-efficient means of passing on a family home.

Charitable Trusts

Ohio residents with philanthropic inclinations can use Charitable Remainder Trusts (CRTs) to support their favorite causes while potentially benefiting from tax advantages. By donating assets to a charitable trust, individuals can secure income for themselves or their beneficiaries, with the remainder going to the designated charity.

Tips for Reducing your Estate Tax Bill in Ohio

Estate planning in Ohio involves strategic considerations to minimize potential tax liabilities, ensuring a more efficient transfer of assets to the next generation. By employing various techniques, individuals can navigate the tax landscape effectively:

Marital Transfers

Leveraging the marital deduction can be a powerful tool for reducing estate taxes in Ohio. Through careful planning, spouses can transfer unlimited assets to each other without incurring federal estate taxes. It provides financial security for the surviving spouse and maximizes the use of available tax exemptions.

Lifetime Gifts to Children and Grandchildren

Making lifetime gifts to children and grandchildren is a proactive strategy to reduce the taxable estate. Ohio residents can use the annual gift tax exclusion, currently $17,000 per person, to gift assets to heirs. By gradually transferring wealth during one’s lifetime, individuals can diminish the overall value of their taxable estate, potentially minimizing estate tax obligations.

Gifting to Minors

Establishing trusts for minors allows for controlled gifting while providing for the financial future of younger family members. Through these trusts, individuals can manage and distribute assets over time, potentially reducing the impact of estate taxes while ensuring responsible wealth transfer.

Private Annuity

Engaging in a private annuity arrangement can be a sophisticated strategy for minimizing estate taxes in Ohio. It involves transferring assets to a family member or trust in exchange for a fixed income stream. By doing so, individuals can remove appreciating assets from their taxable estate, potentially reducing the overall estate tax burden.


In conclusion, Ohio’s absence of a state estate tax offers residents opportunities for strategic estate planning. Navigating federal regulations, leveraging marital deductions, utilizing trusts, and implementing gifting strategies are essential for minimizing tax liabilities. Seeking professional advice is paramount in crafting personalized and effective estate plans that align with individual financial goals and aspirations. Beem tax filing is completely error-free; we recommend installing the app for the best tax filing experience.


Am I required to file an Ohio tax return?

Filing requirements depend on your income, but Ohio has no state income tax for retirement or Social Security benefits.

How much is estate tax in Ohio?

Ohio does not impose a state estate tax, but federal estate taxes may apply based on the estate’s value.

Does Ohio tax trust income?

Ohio taxes certain types of trust income; the tax rates vary based on the type of trust and the income generated.

What is the estate tax exemption for 2023 in Ohio?

Ohio has no state estate tax, but the federal tax exemption is $12.92 million for 2023.

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Prem Kishan

A seasoned Product Manager who thrives on making a meaningful impact within the organization, Prem is deeply passionate about tackling intricate problems using cutting-edge technology and is a specialist in tax content.


This page is purely informational. Beem does not provide financial, legal or accounting advice. This article has been prepared for informational purposes only. It is not intended to provide financial, legal or accounting advice and should not be relied on for the same. Please consult your own financial, legal and accounting advisors before engaging in any transactions.

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