Colorado State Income Tax 2023 – 2024: Everything you need to know

This expert blog explores the nuances of Colorado State Income Tax, offering a comprehensive guide on everything from tax rates and deductions to residency rules and payment methods.
Colorado State Income Tax
Colorado State Income Tax 2023 – 2024: Everything you need to know
Navigating the intricacies of Colorado state income tax system is vital for residents and businesses alike in the Centennial State. Join us as we delve into Colorado's income tax landscape.
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Each state in the USA has its own tax system, including income, sales, and property taxes, providing revenue for local services and priorities. Navigating the intricacies of Colorado’s state income tax system is vital for residents and businesses alike in the Centennial State. With the new Colorado income tax rate of 4.40%, beginning the financial year 2022-2023, Colorado continues to levy income taxes, providing the necessary revenue for essential state programs and services.

This expert blog explores the nuances of Colorado State Income Tax, offering a comprehensive guide on everything from tax rates and deductions to residency rules and payment methods. Whether you’re a long-time resident or considering a move to Colorado, understanding how income tax works here is crucial. Join us as we delve into Colorado’s income tax landscape. File your income taxes online with Beem, for both Federal & State. Also, check out Beem Tax Calculator to get a quick and accurate estimate of your federal and state tax refund for free.

Colorado State Income Tax

Colorado State Income Tax for 2022-2023 is a progressive tax system, with rates ranging from 4.55% to 5.55%. Individuals and businesses are subject to this tax. Residents, part-year residents, and nonresidents have different obligations, with residents being taxed on all income, part-year residents on income earned while residing in Colorado, and nonresidents on Colorado-sourced income. The state also offers standard deductions varying by filing status. Calculating state income tax involves determining taxable income, applying the relevant tax rate, and factoring in deductions. Understanding these intricacies is crucial for complying with Colorado’s tax laws and managing your tax liability effectively.

Residency StatusTaxable Income
ResidentAll income from all sources inside and outside Colorado.
Part-Year ResidentAll income received while a resident, plus income from Colorado sources while a nonresident.
NonresidentIncome from Colorado sources.

Does Colorado Have a State Income Tax?

Yes, Colorado does have a state income tax. It is a critical component of the state’s revenue system, designed to fund essential services and programs such as education, healthcare, infrastructure development, and public safety. Colorado’s income tax system is notable for its flat-tax approach, where all taxpayers are subject to the same tax rate regardless of income level. As of the tax year 2022, the state income tax rate in Colorado is 4.4%, following a reduction from 4.55% due to the passage of Proposition 121. Understanding and complying with Colorado’s income tax laws are important for individuals and businesses residing or operating within the state.

Colorado State Income Tax – How much will the income after tax in Colorado with Filing Status

Annual IncomeFiling Status –
Filing Status –
Married Filing Jointly
Filing Status –
Head of Household

Colorado State Income Tax Rates and Tax Brackets

Colorado’s state income tax features a flat-rate system, with a tax rate of 4.55% applied to all income levels, regardless of the taxpayer’s earnings. This means that everyone, from low-income earners to high-income individuals, pays the same percentage of their income in state income tax. Colorado’s income tax structure has no distinct tax brackets or progressive rates.

Tax TypeRateNotes
Income Tax4.55% (Flat Rate)Applies to all residents regardless of income.
Corporate Income Tax4.63% (Flat Rate)Applies to Colorado-based companies.
Sales TaxState: 2.90%Local: Varies, but typically 4.75% for a combined rate of around 7.65%.
Gasoline Tax22 cents per gallonOne of the lowest gasoline taxes nationally.
Cigarette Tax$0.84 per 20-packRanks 31st nationally.
Other TaxesVariesColorado offers various tax credits and deductions. Consult the Colorado Department of Revenue for details.
Table 1.0: Showing categorized tax rates in Colorado State

Colorado’s tax system includes a flat-rate income tax for individuals and corporations, a state sales tax with varying local rates, and specific taxes on gasoline and cigarettes. Additionally, the state provides several tax credits and incentives, which individuals and businesses can explore through the Colorado Department of Revenue.

Colorado State Income Tax

What is Colorado’s Standard Deduction?

Individuals: Single taxpayers are eligible for a standard deduction of $12,550, which reduces their taxable income by this amount.

Married Filing Jointly: The standard deduction for married couples filing jointly is $25,100, effectively lowering their combined taxable income.

Married Filing Separately: Colorado follows the same standard deduction as for single individuals, allowing each spouse filing separately to claim a deduction of $12,550.

Head of Household: Taxpayers who qualify as heads of household can claim a standard deduction of $18,900, which reduces their taxable income.

No Personal Exemptions: Colorado does not offer personal exemptions besides the standard deduction, simplifying the tax filing process.

How to Calculate Colorado State Income Tax

Calculating your Colorado state income tax can seem daunting, but it follows a relatively straightforward process. First, determine your total taxable income, including wages, self-employment, rental, and other income sources. Next, subtract any deductions you qualify for, such as the standard or itemized deductions.

Once you have your adjusted taxable income, calculate the tax owed using the appropriate tax rate based on your income bracket. For example, if your taxable income falls within the 4.75% bracket, you would multiply your income by 0.0475 to find your state income tax liability.

Also Read: Maryland State Income Tax

Do I have to Pay Colorado State Income Tax?

You must pay Colorado state income tax if you meet the following conditions:

  1. You are a Colorado resident, including individuals domiciled in the state or spending more than 90 days there during the tax year.
  2. You are a part-year resident, having lived in Colorado for any portion of the year and earned income during that time.
  3. You are a nonresident but earned income from sources within Colorado.

How to Pay Colorado State Income Tax

Paying your Colorado state income tax is a straightforward process. You can choose from several payment methods:

Online Payment: The Colorado Department of Revenue provides an online portal where you can pay your state income tax electronically using a credit card or bank transfer.

Check or Money Order: You can mail a check or money order along with your tax return to the Colorado Department of Revenue. Be sure to include your payment voucher, which can be downloaded from the department’s website.

Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT): Businesses and individuals making large payments may opt for electronic funds transfer. Contact the Colorado Department of Revenue for details on how to set up EFT payments.

Am I a Resident for Colorado Income Tax Purposes?

Determining your residency status is crucial for correctly filing your Colorado state income tax return. Colorado has three primary residency statuses:

Resident Status Rules:

You are considered a Colorado resident for tax purposes if:

  • You are domiciled in Colorado, which means Colorado is your permanent home.
  • You maintain a place of abode in Colorado.
  • You spend more than 90 days in Colorado during the tax year.

Part-Year Resident Status Rules

If you resided in Colorado at the beginning of the year but relocated to another state, you might be categorized as a part-year resident for Colorado tax purposes. Similarly, if you lived in a different state at the start of the calendar year but then moved to Colorado, actively establishing residency, you likely fall into the part-year resident category.

Nonresident Status Rules

Nonresidents are individuals who neither meet the criteria for full-year Colorado residency nor part-year residency. They are typically taxed on income earned in Colorado but are not subject to Colorado state income tax on income earned outside the state.

Where Is My Colorado State Income Tax Refund?

Visit the Colorado Department of Revenue Website, Go to the official website of the Colorado Department of Revenue.

Navigate to “Where’s My Refund?”: Look for the “Where’s My Refund?” tool on the website’s main page. Click on it to begin the process.

Enter Your Information: You will be prompted to enter your Social Security Number (SSN) and the exact refund amount you expect. Ensure that the information is accurate.

Submit Your Request: After entering the required details, click on the “Submit” or “Check Status” button to initiate the search.

Review Your Refund Status: The system will display the status of your Colorado State Income Tax refund. You’ll receive information on whether your refund has been processed, the expected date of issuance, and the amount.

Check Regularly: If your refund is not yet processed, check back regularly for updates. The system is updated regularly so that you can monitor the progress of your refund.

This online tool provides a convenient way to keep track of your Colorado State Income Tax refund and ensures you stay informed about when you can expect to receive it.

Why Did My Colorado State Income Tax Increase?

Several factors can contribute to an increase in your Colorado state income tax liability:

Change in Income: If your income increased compared to the previous year, you may move into a higher tax bracket, resulting in a higher tax rate.

Reduced Deductions: If you no longer qualify for certain deductions or credits that you claimed in the past, your tax liability may increase.

Change in Filing Status: Marital status changes, such as getting married or divorced, can impact your tax liability.

New Tax Laws: Changes in Colorado’s or federal tax laws can also affect your state income tax liability.

Colorado Sales Tax

In addition to state income tax, Colorado imposes a sales tax on purchasing goods and certain services. The sales tax rate varies by location, as it is levied at the county and city levels. It’s essential to be aware of the sales tax rate in your area and factor it into your budget when making purchases.

Colorado State Income Tax

5 Things to Know About Colorado Income Tax

Progressive Tax Rates: Colorado’s income tax system is progressive, meaning higher-income earners pay a higher percentage of their income in taxes.

Standard Deduction vs. Itemized Deductions: Taxpayers can choose between taking the standard deduction or itemizing deductions, so it’s essential to calculate which option is more advantageous.

Residency Matters: Your residency status in Colorado determines your tax obligations, so understanding the rules for residents, part-year residents, and nonresidents is crucial.

Online Filing: Colorado encourages electronic filing of income tax returns, which can speed up the processing of refunds and reduce the likelihood of errors.

Sales Tax Variability: Sales tax rates can vary significantly by location in Colorado, so it’s important to be aware of the rate in your area to avoid surprises when making purchases.


Understanding Colorado state income tax is essential for residents, part-year residents, and non-residents alike. Knowing the rates, deductions, and residency rules can help you navigate the tax system more effectively, ensuring compliance and potentially minimizing your tax liability. Always consult a tax professional or refer to the Colorado Department of Revenue’s official guidelines for the most up-to-date and accurate information regarding your state income tax obligations. Beem provides online tax filing services for any filing status (single or joint), for salaried and self-employed, across all 50 states.


Q1. Is Colorado a high-tax state?

Colorado is not typically considered a high-tax state, but tax burdens vary based on individual circumstances and local taxes.

Q2. Is Colorado a tax-friendly state?

Colorado is generally tax-friendly for retirees, with no tax on Social Security income and a flat income tax rate.

Q3. Is Colorado a good place to live for taxes?

Colorado offers a favorable tax environment for many, making it a good place to live for taxes, particularly for retirees.

Q4. How much of my paycheck goes to taxes in Colorado?

The amount of your paycheck that goes to taxes in Colorado depends on your income, deductions, and tax credits.

Q5. Does Colorado tax income earned in another state?

Colorado does tax income earned in another state but provides a credit for taxes paid to other states.

Q6. Does the state of Colorado tax social security income?

Colorado does not tax Social Security income.

Q7. Can Colorado state income tax go up?

Colorado’s state income tax rates can change through legislative actions or ballot measures.

Q8. Do seniors have to pay state income tax in Colorado?

Seniors in Colorado are not exempt from state income tax but benefit from favorable tax policies.

Q9. Does Colorado have a state income tax for the military?

Colorado provides tax benefits for military personnel, including exemptions for military retirement pay.

Q10. What are Colorado’s state income taxes for LLCs?

Colorado taxes LLC income based on its members’ personal income tax rate.

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Prem Kishan

A seasoned Product Manager who thrives on making a meaningful impact within the organization, Prem is deeply passionate about tackling intricate problems using cutting-edge technology and is a specialist in tax content.


This page is purely informational. Beem does not provide financial, legal or accounting advice. This article has been prepared for informational purposes only. It is not intended to provide financial, legal or accounting advice and should not be relied on for the same. Please consult your own financial, legal and accounting advisors before engaging in any transactions.

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