Massachusetts State Income Tax: Rates and Who Pays in 2023-2024

Massachusetts imposes a state income tax on the earnings of its residents and it is considered a fundamental component of its revenue system. Therefore, it is crucial to understand various aspects pertaining to Massachusetts state income tax. Read on to find the details here!
Massachusetts state income tax
Massachusetts State Income Tax: Rates and Who Pays in 2023-2024
Understanding Massachusetts state income tax is essential for residents and anyone planning to move to or do business there. Let's delve into the details of Massachusetts state income tax rates and how to pay them to stay ahead in your financial game.
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When it comes to taxation, states in the United States have a fair amount of autonomy, leading to varying tax structures and policies. Taxation is fundamental to any state’s financial infrastructure, and Massachusetts is no exception. As of 2022-2023, understanding Massachusetts’ state income tax is essential for residents and anyone planning to move to or do business there. Let’s delve into the details of Massachusetts state income tax rates and who pays them and learn some financial tips. 

Use Beem to file your taxes online at the best prices irrespective of your filing status in any state across all types of tax forms.

Does Massachusetts Have State Income Tax?

Yes, Massachusetts does have a state income tax. Massachusetts imposes a state income tax on the earnings of its residents. The state’s income tax is a fundamental component of its revenue system, and residents must file state income tax returns to report their taxable income and pay any taxes owed to the state. The income tax rates and regulations may vary from year to year, so it’s essential to stay informed about the latest tax laws in Massachusetts to ensure compliance with state tax requirements.

Massachusetts State Income Tax – How much will the income after tax in Massachusetts with Filing Status

Annual IncomeFiling Status –
Filing Status –
Married Filing Jointly
Filing Status –
Head of Household

Massachusetts State Income Tax Rates and Tax Brackets 

Massachusetts state income tax rates are structured as a progressive income tax, varying tax rates based on your income. The tax brackets are updated annually, and the rates for the 2022 tax year are as follows:

Massachusetts Income Tax Rates for 2022-2023:

  • 5.00%: For income up to $1,000
  • 5.05%: For income between $1,001 and $2,000
  • 5.15%: For income between $2,001 and $8,000
  • 5.30%: For income between $8,001 and $15,000
  • 5.40%: For income between $15,001 and $41,000
  • 5.50%: For income between $41,001 and $83,000
  • 5.85%: For income over $83,000

These rates are applied to your taxable income after various deductions and exemptions are factored in. Massachusetts allows for various tax credits and deductions, which can help reduce your overall tax liability.

It’s important to note that the tax brackets and rates may change yearly, so checking the most current rates for the tax year in question is advisable.

Tax laws can be complex. Therefore, it’s a good idea to consult a tax professional or use tax preparation software such as Beem to ensure you calculate your state income tax accurately and take advantage of all available deductions and credits.

What is Massachusetts’s Standard Deduction?

The standard deduction is an essential component of the income tax calculation. For Massachusetts in the tax year 2022-2023, the standard deduction amounts are as follows:

  • $4,400: For single individuals and married individuals filing separately.
  • $8,800: For head of household filers.
  • $8,800: For married individuals filing jointly.

The standard deduction is a fixed amount you can subtract from your taxable income. It’s crucial if you need more itemized deductions to exceed the standard deduction.

Understanding the intricacies of Massachusetts state income tax, including the tax rates, tax brackets, and standard deductions, is crucial for effective financial planning and ensuring you meet your tax obligations. Given that tax laws can change, it’s advisable to stay informed and, if necessary, seek guidance from a tax professional. This knowledge will empower you to make informed decisions regarding your finances and taxation in Massachusetts.

How to Calculate Massachusetts State Income Tax?

Calculating your Massachusetts state income tax is a multi-step process. Here’s how it works:

  • Determine Your Gross Income: Start by identifying your total gross income. This includes wages, salaries, tips, and various other forms of income.
  • Apply Adjustments: Next, you can apply any adjustments or deductions you’re eligible for. Massachusetts offers deductions for contributions to retirement accounts, alimony payments, and student loan interest, among others.
  • Find Your Taxable Income: You’ll arrive at your taxable income after adjustments. This is the amount on which your state income tax is based.
  • Identify Your Tax Bracket: Massachusetts employs a progressive tax system with four tax brackets. Your tax rate depends on your taxable income. The higher your income, the higher your tax rate.
  • Calculate the Tax Owed: Use your taxable income to determine the exact amount you owe in state income tax. Refer to the tax rate for your bracket and apply it to your income.
  • Consider Credits: Massachusetts offers various tax credits, such as the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), which can reduce your tax liability. Be sure to take advantage of any credits for which you qualify.

Do I Have to Pay Massachusetts State Income Tax?

Whether you have to pay Massachusetts state income tax depends on several factors:

  • Residency: If you’re a resident of Massachusetts, you’re generally subject to the state’s income tax, regardless of where your income is earned.
  • Non-residents: Non-residents who earn income in Massachusetts may also be liable for state income tax on the portion of their income derived from sources within the state.
  • Part-year residents: If you move in or out of Massachusetts during the tax year, you may be considered a part-year resident. In this case, you’ll only be taxed on the income earned during your residency in the state.
  • Military personnel: Military members stationed in Massachusetts are generally not considered residents and are not subject to state income tax on military pay. However, any other income earned in Massachusetts may still be taxable.

How to Pay Massachusetts State Income Tax?

Paying your Massachusetts state income tax is a straightforward process. Here’s what you need to do:

  • Withholding: If you’re an employee, your employer typically withholds income tax from your paychecks and remits it to the state on your behalf. Ensure that your employer is withholding the correct amount.
  • Estimated Taxes: For self-employed individuals, freelancers, or those with income not subject to withholding, you’re responsible for making estimated tax payments quarterly. Use Massachusetts Form 1-ES to calculate and submit these payments.
  • Online Filing: The Massachusetts Department of Revenue (DOR) provides an online platform for filing your state income tax return. You can file electronically, which is often faster and more convenient.
  • Payment Options: You can pay your state income tax online using various methods, including electronic funds withdrawal (direct debit), credit card, or personal check. The DOR’s website offers detailed information on payment options.
Massachusetts state income tax

Am I a Resident for Massachusetts Income Tax Purposes?

Determining your residency status for Massachusetts income tax purposes is essential, as it affects your tax obligations. Massachusetts follows specific rules to define residency, which can be complex. Here’s an overview:

Resident Status Rules

  • You’re a Massachusetts resident if you maintain a permanent home in the state, whether you are present or absent.
  • You’re considered a resident if you’re not a Massachusetts resident but maintain a permanent home in the state and spend more than 183 days there during the tax year.
  • You’re also a resident if you’re domiciled in Massachusetts, maintaining a permanent home and spending more than 30 days there during the tax year.

Part-Year Resident Status Rules

  • If you move in or out of Massachusetts during the tax year, you’re considered a part-year resident.
  • Part-year residents are subject to Massachusetts income tax on income earned during their residency.

Non-resident Status Rules

  • You’re classified as a non-resident if you’re not a Massachusetts or part-year resident.
  • Non-residents are only taxed on Massachusetts-sourced income.

Where Is My Massachusetts State Income Tax Refund?

Visit the Massachusetts Department of Revenue’s WebFile for Income.

  • Log in to your WebFile for Income account or create one if you don’t have an existing account.
  • Once logged in, you’ll find an option to “Check Refund Status”.
  • Follow the prompts to enter your Social Security number or ITIN, your last name or business name, and the refund amount you expect.
  • Submit the information, and you’ll be provided with the status of your refund.
  • The online tool typically provides the most up-to-date and accurate information regarding the status of your refund. You can use it to check whether your refund has been processed and, if applicable, the expected issue date.

Keep in mind that it might take some time for the Massachusetts Department of Revenue to process your return and issue the refund. This processing time can vary depending on various factors, including the method you used to file your return (e-filing is generally faster than paper filing). If you e-file and request direct deposit, you may receive your refund more quickly.

You can contact the Massachusetts Department of Revenue directly for assistance if you have any specific questions or concerns about your Massachusetts state income tax refund.

Why Did My Massachusetts State Income Tax Increase?

Several factors can cause an increase in your Massachusetts state income tax:

  • Increased income: If your income has risen, you might move into a higher tax bracket, resulting in higher taxes.
  • Loss of deductions or credits: Changes in your financial situation or tax law modifications can affect deductions and credits.
  • Filing status: Switching your filing status from single to married can lead to different tax liability.

Massachusetts Sales Tax

Massachusetts imposes a 6.25% sales tax on most tangible personal property, certain services, and telecommunications services. However, some items, like groceries and clothing under $175, are exempt from sales tax. Use Beem’s online tax filing services without any hassle, regardless of your employment status.

5 Things to Know About Massachusetts Income Tax

  • Progressive Tax System: Massachusetts follows a progressive tax system, with higher income levels subject to higher tax rates.
  • Standard Deduction: Massachusetts offers a standard deduction that varies depending on your filing status. It can reduce your taxable income.
  • Tax Credits: Massachusetts provides various tax credits, including the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), which can reduce your tax liability.
  • Estimated Taxes: If you’re self-employed or have significant income not subject to withholding, you may need to make estimated tax payments quarterly.
  • Electronic Filing: Filing your Massachusetts state income tax return electronically is a fast and convenient option. You can also choose a direct deposit for your refund.

Massachusetts State Income Tax FAQs

Q. Is Massachusetts a High Tax State?

Massachusetts is considered a relatively high-tax state, primarily due to its income tax rates and property taxes. However, the overall tax burden can vary depending on individual circumstances and location within the state.

Q. Is Massachusetts a Tax-Friendly State?

Massachusetts is only sometimes considered one of the most tax-friendly states, primarily due to its relatively high-income tax rates. However, it offers various tax credits and deductions that can reduce tax liability for some residents.

Q. Is Massachusetts a Good Place to Live for Taxes?

Massachusetts may be a good place to live for taxes for some individuals, especially those who benefit from tax credits and deductions. However, high-income earners might find the tax rates less favorable.

Q. How Much of My Paycheck Goes to Taxes in Massachusetts?

The amount of your paycheck that goes to taxes in Massachusetts depends on your income, deductions, and credits. The state’s progressive tax system means higher-income earners pay a higher percentage of their income in taxes.

Q. Does Massachusetts Tax Income Earned in Another State?

Massachusetts taxes residents on all income, including income earned in other states. However, it offers a credit for taxes paid to another state to avoid double taxation.

Q. Does the State of Massachusetts Tax Social Security Income?

Massachusetts does not tax Social Security income, making it tax-free for retirees.

Q. Can Massachusetts State Income Tax Go Up?

Massachusetts state income tax rates can change through legislative actions. Tax rates can be adjusted as part of the state’s budget process.

Q. Do Seniors Have to Pay State Income Tax in Massachusetts?

Massachusetts does not tax Social Security income, offering additional deductions and exemptions for seniors, which can reduce their overall state income tax liability.

Q. Does Massachusetts Have State Income Tax for Military?

Military pay is typically exempt from Massachusetts state income tax for active-duty servicemembers. However, this can vary depending on specific circumstances and the nature of the military pay.

Q. What Are Massachusetts’s State Income Taxes for LLCs?

Massachusetts does not impose a separate state income tax on LLCs. Instead, LLC members report their share of business income on their personal income tax returns. The taxation of LLC income is subject to individual income tax rates.

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Prem Kishan

A seasoned Product Manager who thrives on making a meaningful impact within the organization, Prem is deeply passionate about tackling intricate problems using cutting-edge technology and is a specialist in tax content.


This page is purely informational. Beem does not provide financial, legal or accounting advice. This article has been prepared for informational purposes only. It is not intended to provide financial, legal or accounting advice and should not be relied on for the same. Please consult your own financial, legal and accounting advisors before engaging in any transactions.

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